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van CCT (UK)

van CCT (UK)

Hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy of the right or left kidney.

- candidate number2672
- NTR NumberNTR1027
- Date ISRCTN created23-aug-2007
- date ISRCTN requested13-aug-2007
- Date Registered NTR24-jul-2007
- Secondary IDs 
- Public TitleHand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy of the right or left kidney.
- Scientific TitleHand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy of the right or left kidney.
- hypothesisThe hypothesis was that donors who underwent a right sided HALDN would have a shorter operation time.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedRenal transplant , Laparoscopy, Minimally invasive surgical procedures, Donor nephrectomy
- Inclusion criteria1. Donors with age above eighteen years;
2. An identical kidney with regard to renal vascular anatomy;
3. Renal function and urinary tract;
4. Written informed consent.
- Exclusion criteria1. Unilateral multiple renal arteries.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 15-apr-2002
- planned closingdate14-sep-2006
- Target number of participants60
- InterventionsSpecific preoperative donor evaluation included blood and urine examination, angiography, pyelography and renal scintigraphy.
In case of bilateral multiple arteries they were only included in the study if both kidneys were judged transplantable by the surgeon.
The hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy (HALDN) is done transperitoneally.
After open dissection of the distal ureter and gonadal vein through a 7-8 cm Pfannenstiel incision the non dominant operators' hand is introduced through a handport and two 10-12 mm trocars are placed. The insufflation pressure was maximally 12 mmHg. The right or left colon was then mobilized. After transecting the ureter distally, the renal artery is transected with metal clips, while an endoscopic stapler is used to transect the renal vein. The kidney is extracted through the Pfannenstiel incision and cold flushed and preserved with University of Wisconsin solution (UW).
Postoperatively, all patients are treated equally with regard to feeding, pain regulation, mobilization and postoperative care.
- Primary outcomeOperation time.
- Secondary outcome1. Donor morbidity;
2. Warm ischaemia time;
3. Delayed graft function;
4. Urological complications;
5. Graft survival;
6. Quality of life.
- TimepointsN/A
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusstopped: trial finished
- Sponsor/Initiator Academic Medical Center (AMC), Department of Surgery
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Academic Medical Center (AMC), Department of Surgery
- PublicationsMaartense S, Idu M, Bemelman FJ, Balm R, Surachno S, Bemelman WA. Hand-assisted laparoscopic live donor nephrectomy. Br J Surg. 2004 Mar;91(3):344-8. Lind MY, Hazebroek EJ, Hop WC, Weimar W, Jaap Bonjer H, IJzermans JN. Right-sided laparoscopic live-donor nephrectomy: is reluctance still justified? Transplantation. 2002; 74:1045. Buell JF, Edye M, Johnson M, et al. Are concerns over right laparoscopic donor nephrectomy unwarranted? Ann Surg. 2001; 233:645. Husted TL, Hanaway MJ, Thomas MJ, Woodle ES, Buell JF. Laparoscopic right living donor nephrectomy. Transplant Proc. 2005; 37:631. Mandal AK, Cohen C, Montgomery RA, Kavoussi LR, Ratner LE. Should the indications for laparascopic live donor nephrectomy of the right kidney be the same as for the open procedure? Anomalous left renal vasculature is not a contraindication to laparoscopic left donor nephrectomy. Transplantation. 2001; 71:660.
- Brief summaryThe number of living donor transplantations has increased during the past 20 years due to the shortage of deceased kidney donors and an increased number of patients on the waiting list for renal transplantation. Living donor kidney transplantation is superior to deceased donor kidney transplantation because of the better patient and graft survival rates, better cost-effectiveness and improved quality of life (QoL) of the recipient (1,2). Open living donor nephrectomy is associated with disincentives including long hospital stay, prolonged postoperative pain, cosmetic problems and slow convalescence. These disincentives might be a drawback for potential donors to donate a kidney. With the advent of laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy a reduction in hospital stay, less postoperative analgesic requirements, improved cosmetics, and an earlier return to normal daily activities have been reported (3). There is an ongoing discussion whether the right or the left kidney donor nephrectomy is to be preferred. Most centers prefer to use the left kidney for live kidney donation because of the longer renal vein, which is advantageous during the implantation. However, some surgeons prefer the right kidney because it is easier to recover than the left kidney and the risk of spleen laceration is decreased (4). A recent study demonstrate the negative effect of longstanding pneumoperitoneum on kidney function. Reduction of operation time with maintenance of the beneficial effect of the minimal invasive aspect of the laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is essential(5). There are no prospective studies comparing the outcome of left sided versus right sided laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in terms of operating time. Therefore a prospective single-center randomized trial was conducted performing either a left or a right sided hand-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD24-jul-2007 - 2-sep-2009

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