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Gas Embolism during Hysteroscopic Surgery Detected by Esophageal Echocardiography: A comparison using two different electrocautery cutting techniques.


- candidate number3526
- NTR NumberNTR1357
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR25-jun-2008
- Secondary IDs 
- Public TitleGas Embolism during Hysteroscopic Surgery Detected by Esophageal Echocardiography: A comparison using two different electrocautery cutting techniques.
- Scientific TitleParadoxical and venous Gas Embolism During Hysteroscopic Surgery Detected by Trans Esophageal Echocardiography: A comparison using either bipolar or monopolar diathermia
- ACRONYMPAVEG
- hypothesisWe have observed severe venous air and paradoxical gas embolism using trans-oesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in a patient undergoing bipolar trans cervical resection of the endometrium. Although venous emboli during monopolar hysteroscopic surgery is a common finding, its association with paradoxical embolism has not been reported before. Whether bipolar diathermia, in contrast to monopolar diathermia, induces more venous and paradoxical gas embolism is unknown and therefore subject of our study.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedHysteroscopy, Gas embolism, Venous emboli , Trans oesophageal echocardiography
- Inclusion criteriaHealthy patients (ASA classification 1 or 2) scheduled for Trans Cervical Myoma resection (TCR-M) or Trans Cervical endometrium resection (TCR-E) will be included.
- Exclusion criteriaExclusion criteria include age younger than 18 or higher than 70 and a history of pulmonary embolism, cardiac disease or oesophageal disease.
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- controlActive
- groupFactorial
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-okt-2008
- planned closingdate1-okt-2009
- Target number of participants42
- InterventionsPatients will be subjected to hysteroscopy using either mono or bipolar diathermia. Under general anaesthesia a transoesophageal echocardiography probe will be inserted in all patients to observe an record embolic events.
- Primary outcomePercentage venous or paradoxical emboli
- Secondary outcomeDuration of emboli observation
- Timepoints0. Under general anesthesia before start of diathermia
1. During diathermia after 10 minutes
2. Every 10 minutes thereafter
3. After stopping procedure under general anesthesia
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESDr. B.M.P. Rademaker
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESDr. B.M.P. Rademaker
- Sponsor/Initiator Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis (OLVG) Locatie Oosterpark
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis (OLVG)
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryRationale:
Venous emboli during monopolar hysteroscopic surgery is a common finding, its association with paradoxical embolism was reported recently. Whether bipolar diathermia, in contrast to monopolar diathermia, induces more venous and paradoxical gas embolism is unknown and therefore subject of our study.

Objective:
To determine the incidence and grade of venous emboli and/or paradoxical gas emboli during hysteroscopy surgery using trans oesophageal echocardiography. In addition, a comparison will be made using either bipolar or monopolar diathermia. Knowing the incidence and severity of embolic events may help in understanding the pathophysiology and thereby help in preventing these potentially lethal events.

Study design:
After receiving informed consent patients will be included in a randomised study using either monopolar or bipolar diathermia. The ultra sound probe will be positioned into the oesophagus to obtain a four chamber view. Rating of intra-operative embolic events will be performed by a blinded observer using established criteria.

Study population:
Forty-two patients (ASA classification 1 or 2) scheduled for Trans Cervical Myoma resection (TCR-M) or Trans Cervical endometrium resection (TCR-E) will be included. Exclusion criteria include age younger than 18 or higher than 70 and a history of pulmonary embolism, cardiac disease or oesophageal disease.

Intervention:
Under general anaesthesia a TOE probe will be inserted in all patients to observe an record embolic events.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
The main study parameter is the appearance of any embolic event either venous or paradoxical of origin. A four point grading scale is used to define the severity of the event. The duration of the embolic phenomena will be recorded.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD25-jun-2008 - 25-jul-2008


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