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Large head metal-on-metal cementless total hip arthroplasty versus 28mm metal-on-polyethylene cementless total hip arthroplasty, a prospective randomized controlled trial


- candidate number3813
- NTR NumberNTR1399
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR8-aug-2008
- Secondary IDsMEC 2005-42 
- Public TitleLarge head metal-on-metal cementless total hip arthroplasty versus 28mm metal-on-polyethylene cementless total hip arthroplasty, a prospective randomized controlled trial
- Scientific TitleLarge head metal-on-metal cementless total hip arthroplasty versus 28mm metal-on-polyethylene cementless total hip arthroplasty, a prospective randomized controlled trial
- ACRONYMMagnum Trial
- hypothesisLarge head metal-on-metal arthroplasties show less bone mass density loss (DEXA)and higher serum metal ion concentrations. We expect equal functional scores, greater range of motion, less dislocations, fewer periprosthetic radiolucencies and increased survival with the metal-on-metal articulation.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedOsteoarthritis, Total hip replacement (THR), Total hip replacement, Coxarthroses, DEXA scan
- Inclusion criteriaPatients aged between 18 and 80 with non-inflammatory degenerative joint disease of the hip including osteoarthritis, avascular necrosis and traumatic arthritis, admitted for cementless total hip arthroplasty.
- Exclusion criteria1. Active infection
2. Revision arthroplasty
3. Marked bone loss precluding adequate fixation
4. Unwillingness of inability to follow instruction.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-sep-2006
- planned closingdate1-sep-2018
- Target number of participants100
- InterventionsPatients in the metal-on-metal group will receive a total hip arthroplasty consisting of a cementless titanium alloy acetabular component with a cobalt-chromium liner (M2a-Magnum™, Biomet) and a cobalt-chromium femoral head varying from 38 to 60mm.
Patients in the metal-on-polyethylene group will receive a total hip arthroplasty consiting of a cementless titanium alloy acetabular component (Mallory-Head®, Biomet) with a polyethylene liner and a 28mm cobalt-chromium femoral head. In both groups the same cementless porous coated titanium alloy stem is used (Mallory-Head®).
- Primary outcome- Bone mass density loss and serum metal ion concentrations.
- Secondary outcome- Functional scores
- Range of motion
- Number of dislocations
- Radiographic evaluation
- Survival;
- Systemic cytokine levels (in progress)
- TimepointsMeasurements will take place preoperatively and at 6 weeks, 1 year, 5 years and 10 years postoperatively.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMD W.P. Zijlstra
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMD W.P. Zijlstra
- Sponsor/Initiator Martini Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery,, University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), Department Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), Department of Biomedical Engineering
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Stichting Anna Fonds, Martini Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG), Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, Biomet Nederland, Dordrecht
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryPainful osteoarthritis of the hip can be successfully treated by total hip arthroplasty. Conventional total hip prostheses consist of a 28mm metal head and a polyethylene cup (MP). Polyethylene wear debris can however lead to osteolysis, bone loss, aseptic loosening and eventually failure of the implant, especially in high demand young patients. Metal-on-metal (MM) total hip arthroplasty is an alternative to overcome polyethylene wear induced prosthetic failure. The MM wear rate is reported to be 20 to 100 times lower than conventional polyethylene wear rates. MM wear rate is also influenced by the size of the articulation and its clearance (i.e. the difference between the radius of the head and the shell): larger heads show lower wear rates provided they have a low clearance. Another advantage of larger head sizes seems to be an increased range of motion and a reduced number of dislocations. The main claim of metal-on-metal articulations is a reduction of wear and a subsequent lower incidence of periprosthetic osteolysis. Since osteolysis is implicated in the early phases of prosthetic loosening and failure, it is essential to accurately quantify periprosthetic osteolysis. Conventional radiology is not sensitive and accurate enough to detect small amounts of osteolysis. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is able to detect even small defects in the periprosthetic bone in the acetabulum. In spite of the advantages of low wear and less dislocations, metal-on-metal hip prostheses increase systemic cobalt and chromium ion concentrations. The long term effects of these ions are unknown.

The objective of this study is to conduct a randomized controlled trial to compare two cementless total hip arthroplasties: a conventional 28mm metal-on-polyethylene articulation (MP) and a metal-on-metal large head articulation (MM).
Primary outcome parameters are bone mass density and serum metal ion concentrations at 5 and 10 years follow-up.
Secondary outcome parameters are functional scores, range of motion, number of dislocations, radiographic evaluation, survival and cytokine levels (in progress). A related research project focuses on the effects of cobalt and chromium ion concentrations on osteoblast cells in vitro.
The study design and procedures are approved by the local Medical Ethical Committee (2005-42). The study will be conducted at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery of the Martini Hospital, which is a large teaching hospital in the city of Groningen, the Netherlands. Participation in the study is voluntary and informed consent is required.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD8-aug-2008 - 22-aug-2008


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