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Cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioner care for osteoarthritis of the hip.


- candidate number4126
- NTR NumberNTR1462
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR26-sep-2008
- Secondary IDs17099.2402 
- Public TitleCost-effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioner care for osteoarthritis of the hip.
- Scientific TitleCost-effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioner care for osteoarthritis of the hip.
- ACRONYMSTERK trial
- hypothesisWhat is the cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioners care compared to general practitioners care alone over a period of 12 months in patients with a new episode of hip osteoarthritis in general practice?
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedOsteoarthritis, Hip diseases, Cost-effectiveness , Physiotherapy, General practitioner
- Inclusion criteriaPatients will be eligible for inclusion in this trial if they:
1. Consult the GP for a new episode of non-traumatic hip complaints.
2. Are 45 years or older.
3. Comply with the clinical American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for hip OA.
4. Complete the informed consent procedure.
- Exclusion criteriaPatients will be excluded if they:
1. Are already treated with exercise therapy in the present episode of hip OA.
2. Have hip pain score of <2 on numeric rating score (0-10 scale).
3. Have a high level of physical function, a score of <2 on the walking ability and the physical function sections of the Algofunctional index.
4. Have undergone hip surgery or those on the waiting list for surgery.
5. Have severe disabling co-morbidity.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-feb-2009
- planned closingdate31-jan-2012
- Target number of participants210
- InterventionsIntervention group:
Fifteen consultations for exercise therapy will be prescribed and content, intensity, and frequency of treatment will be tailored to the patientís needs. A maximum of 12 sessions is allowed in the first 3 months.
Three additional booster sessions are planned in the fifth, seventh and ninth month. The physical therapy sessions in primary care will last about 30 minutes each. The exercise therapy will be discontinued if, according to the physical therapist and the patient, treatment goals have been achieved.

Control group:
In the GP only group the treatment is given by their own GP. The GPs will provide education and councelling including the advice to stay active and if possible return to work and/or resume leisure activities. If necessary, pain medication can be prescribed. Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is the first choice. If not effective, NSAIDís (ibuprofen, diclofenac or naproxen) may be prescribed. When indicated the GPs can refer to physical therapy for patients allocated to the control group of the study.

The patients in both groups will receive an identical brochure with information and advice.
- Primary outcomeHip pain and hip function measured with the Hip Osteoarthritis disability Outcome Score (HOOS).
- Secondary outcome- Hip pain, Numeric Rating Scale score (NRS; 0-10 scale).
- Walking ability, 5-meter walking test (time in seconds).
- Functional mobility, timed Up and Go test.
- Perceived recovery (7-point Likert scale).
- Costs, EuroQol (EQ-5D) for the cost utility analysis and all direct medical and patient costs (TIC-P Questionnaire) and indirect costs (PRODISQ), such as referral to the orthopaedic specialist and subsequent treatment, including surgery.

Other parameters:
∑ Demographic data (including age, gender, height, weight, education, duration of complaints, previous hip pain, co-morbidity, scores from X-ray).
∑ Physical examination.
∑ Compliance to assigned treatment and implementation of home exercises.
∑ Co-interventions, including referral to physical therapy in the control group.
- TimepointsAll outcome measures will be obtained by the research assistant at baseline and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after randomization, with the exception of the outcome measures from physical examination, walking ability (walking test) and functional mobility (Up and Go test) which will only be obtained at baseline and at 12 months follow-up.
- Trial web sitehttp://www.erasmusmc.nl/huisartsgeneeskunde
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESDr. P.A.J. Luijsterburg
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESDr. P.A.J. Luijsterburg
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus Medical Center, Department of General Practice
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
ZON-MW, The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summary1. Research question:
What is the cost-effectiveness of exercise therapy added to general practitioners (GP) care compared to general practitioners GP care alone over a period of 12 months in patients with a new episode of hip osteoarthritis (OA) in general practice?

2. Study design:
A prospective, multi-center, randomized clinical trial.

3. Study population:
Patients will be eligible for inclusion if they are 45 years or older and consulting for a new episode of hip OA in general practice.

4. Intervention:
The patients will be randomized into two groups, the intervention group, patients treated with exercise therapy (supervised by a physical therapist) added to GP care and the control group, patients managed by GP care only.

5. Outcome measures:
The primary outcomes are pain and function measured with the HOOS at baseline and at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months follow-up.

6. Sample size calculation/data analysis:
To detect a clinical relevant difference of 25% in pain (HOOS-pain) after one year with two-tailed testing, a power of 80%, an alpha 5%, cross-over 25%, 96 patients per group are needed. As we expect around 10% loss to follow-up, we need to include 210 patients. Data analysis will be based on the intention to treat principle. Additionally a per protocol analysis (patients receiving 80% or more of the maximum number of exercise therapy sessions) and subgroup analyses on age (45-65 years versus >65 years), pain intensity (NRS 3 or more), education, joint space narrowing, gender and co-morbidity (Low back pain or knee pain) will be performed.

7. Economic evaluation:
Based on the HOOS (pain and function) and EuroQol (QALY during the first year) an incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-utility analysis will be conducted.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD26-sep-2008 - 18-nov-2009


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