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van CCT (UK)

van CCT (UK)

Maraviroc Immune Recovery Study.

- candidate number4741
- NTR NumberNTR1592
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR15-dec-2008
- Secondary IDs2008-003635-20 NL24441.041.08
- Public TitleMaraviroc Immune Recovery Study.
- Scientific TitleMaraviroc Immune Recovery Study.
- hypothesisMaraviroc, by a yet unknown mechanism, stimulates immune recovery by increasing CD4+ cell count.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedHIV-positive patients
- Inclusion criteria1. Age 18 years or older;
2. HAART with a maximal treatment interruption of two weeks;
3. viral suppression (< 50 copies/ml) for 6 months.

And either:
CD4+ count < 200 cells/microl after minimal one year of treatment with HAART (study group one).
a CD4+ cell count between 200 and 350 cells/microl after minimal two years of treatment with HAART (studygroup two).
- Exclusion criteria1. HAART consisting of a combination of tenofovir and didanosine;
2. Active infection for which antimicrobial treatment;
3. Acute hepatitis B or C;
4. Chronic hepatitis B or C for which treatment with (peg)interferon and/or ribavirine;
(Note: patients with untreated chronic hepatitis B or C can be included);
5. Immunosuppressive medication;
6. Radiotherapy or chemotherapy in the past 2 years;
7. Pregnancy or breastfeeding an infant;
8. Subjects with known hypersensitivity to maraviroc or to peanuts, or any of its excipients or dyes as follows:
a. Excipiens from tablet: microcrystalline cellulose, dibasic calcium phosphate (anhydrous), sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate.
b. Film-coat: [Opadry II Blue (85G20583) contains FD&C blue #2 aluminium lake, soya lecithin, polyethylene glycol (macrogol 3350), polyvinyl alcohol, talc and titanium dioxide.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingDouble
- controlPlacebo
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jan-2009
- planned closingdate1-jan-2011
- Target number of participants130
- InterventionsStudy subjects will receive either maraviroc or placebo.
- Primary outcome30% increase in CD4 cell count compared with placebo.
- Secondary outcomeChanges in plasma HIV RNA.
- TimepointsScreening, baseline, week 2,4,8,12,24,36,48.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator University Medical Center Utrecht (UMCU)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summarySUMMARY

Improving cellular immunity by means of increasing CD4 cells is one of the goals of antiretroviral therapy in HIV, which is achieved by means of virological suppression. A certain group of patients, the so called “immunologic non responders”, fail to reach an acceptable CD4 cell increase despite an adequate virologic response on antiretroviral treatment. Recently a new antiretroviral agent, maraviroc (Celsentry®), is registered for the treatment of patients infected with CCR5 tropic HIV-1 virus. However, data is available suggesting that treatment with maraviroc leads to immune recovery (increase in CD4 cells) in patients who are infected with dual/mixed tropic HIV-1 virus, in the absence of a virologic response. This suggests an alternative mechanism for immune recovery, which could be especially beneficial for this group of patients.

The primary objective is to confirm the hypothesis that maraviroc stimulates immune recovery; the secondary objective is to explore, by virologic and immunologic investigations, the underlying mechanisms of this hypothesis.

Study design:
multicentre, randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, exploratory mechanistic study.

Study population:
HIV-1 infected patients 18 years or older, who meet the inclusion criteria.

Intervention (if applicable):
One group receives maraviroc (dose dependent on co-medication), the other group placebo.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
A 30% increase in CD4 cell rise in the treatment group (compared with placebo). Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:
1. In the treatment group subjects will start with a registered antiretroviral agent (maraviroc).
2. During the treatment year patients will perform several study visits, probably three more compared with regular visits on the outpatient clinic.
3. Each visit, blood will be drawn by venapuncture for immunologic and virologic investigations (see flow chart).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD15-dec-2008 - 24-jan-2009

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