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Effect of gravity compensation and resistance on muscle activation patterns and kinematics in healthy elderly.


- candidate number5448
- NTR NumberNTR1724
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR12-mrt-2009
- Secondary IDs1-5160 Ministry of Economic Affairs
- Public TitleEffect of gravity compensation and resistance on muscle activation patterns and kinematics in healthy elderly.
- Scientific TitleEffect of gravity compensation and resistance on muscle activation patterns and kinematics in healthy elderly.
- ACRONYMGravity compensation and resistance in elderly.
- hypothesisIt can be expected that the during the tasks with resistance, the movements are performed slower, less smooth and with less movement range. Also a larger amplitude in muscle activation can be expected. During the tasks with gravity compensation, less muscle activation of the muscles against gravity can be expected. No influence on smoothness, speed or range of motion is expected.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedOlder adults, Stroke
- Inclusion criteriaAge of 45-80 years.
- Exclusion criteria1. Shoulder pain;
2. Neurological, orthopaedic or rheumatological disease of right upper extremity.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- group[default]
- TypeSingle arm
- Studytypeobservational
- planned startdate 16-mrt-2009
- planned closingdate4-mrt-2010
- Target number of participants20
- InterventionsThis study has a cross-sectional design. The experiment will take one measurement session of approximately one hour. In this session several movement tasks are executed with repeated arm movements. The muscle activation patterns and kinematics are investigated during flexion and extension movements of the elbow during shoulder abduction. A total of four conditions is studied:
1. With gravity compensation without resistance;
2. With gravity compensation and resistance;
3. Without gravity compensation without resistance;
4. Without gravity compensation with resistance.
The gravity compensation is applied to both elbow and shoulder, whereas the resistance is only applied on the elbow joint.
The circular movements are performed in clockwise and counter clockwise directions in three different conditions:
1. Without gravity compensation and without resistance;
2. With gravity compensation and without resistance;
3. Without gravity compensation and with resistance.
The resistance is applied on both shoulder and elbow joint.
- Primary outcomeMuscle activation patterns (EMG) and kinematics of the shoulder and elbow during mvoement execution of different tasks.
- Secondary outcomeN/A
- Timepoints1 x 1,5 h.
- Trial web siteN/A
- status[default]
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES B.I. Molier
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES B.I. Molier
- Sponsor/Initiator Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Netherlands
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Ministry of Economic Affairs
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryRationale:
After a stroke, many patients suffer from an impaired motor task performance. Optimal restoration of arm and hand function are essential for stroke patients. To indepen-dently perform activities of daily life. To further stimulate restoration of arm function, rehabilitation must consist of intensive, active and functional movement exercises, adjusted to the abilities of each patient. To achieve high intensity of training, active movements are often facilitated by the application of gravity compensation. To stimulate muscle activation, movements can be resisted, to optimize training. It is unknown what the effect of gravity compensation and resistance is on the muscle activation patterns and kinematics in stroke patients. To get more insight in these muscle activation patterns and kinematics, it is necessary to first get more knowledge of the why and how in healthy elderly. Therefore in this study the effects of gravity compensation and resistance are investigated in healthy elderly to provide a framework for interpretation of findings for stroke patients.

Objective:
The main objective of this study is to get more insight in the muscle activity patterns of healthy elderly during cyclic reach and retrieval movements and circle drawing tasks. Additionally, the kinematics of elbow and shoulder joints during these movements are investigated.

Study design:
This study has a cross-sectional study design. The experiment is completed within one measurement session, with several movement tasks consisting of repeated arm movements. The muscle activation patterns and kinematics are investigated during flexion and extension movements of the elbow during shoulder abduction. A total of four conditions is studied:
1. With gravity compensation without resistance;
2. With gravity compensation and resistance;
3. Without gravity compensation without resistance;
4. Without gravity compensation with resistance.
During the circle drawing tasks the circular movements are performed in clockwise and counter clockwise directions in three different conditions:
1. Without gravity compensation and without resistance;
2. With gravity compensation and without resistance;
3. Without gravity compensation and with resistance.

Study population:
Twenty healthy human volunteers in the age of 45-80 years will participate.

Intervention (if applicable):
No Intervention will be given in this study.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
In this study we are mainly interested in the muscle activation patterns (measured by surface electromyography, EMG of 8 muscles) and the kinematics of the elbow and shoulder (measured by movement analysis techniques), during movement execution of different tasks.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:
The risks for the subjects are limited to a minimum, since the movement tasks are familiar and not beyond the capabilities of the subject. In addition the measure-ments in this study (EMG and kinematics) are all non-invasive and involve no risks to the subjects in any way. Participation of the subject in this experiment has no direct benefit for him/her, other than expanding knowledge about the muscle activation and kinematics during certain movements. This may eventually aid in the development of new applications or adaptations to existing treatments in the rehabilitation of arm function after stroke.
- Main changes (audit trail)10-06-09: intervention: English version submitted - TH.
- RECORD12-mrt-2009 - 14-sep-2009


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