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A hinged external fixator for complex elbow dislocations: A prospective cohort study.

- candidate number6431
- NTR NumberNTR1996
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR8-sep-2009
- Secondary IDsNL28503.078.09  METC Erasmus MC
- Public TitleA hinged external fixator for complex elbow dislocations: A prospective cohort study.
- Scientific TitleA hinged external fixator for complex elbow dislocations: A prospective cohort study.
- ACRONYMElbow Fixator
- hypothesisA hinged external elbow fixator may provide enough stability to start early mobilization after ORIF and/or arthroplasty (of the radial head) of complex dislocations with residual instability. Our hypothesis is that early mobilization will prevent loss of flexion and extension and will result in Quick-DASH scores ranging from 45-60, reflecting moderate disabilities, at 1 year.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedComplex elbow dislocation
- Inclusion criteria1. Men or women aged 18 years and older (with no upper age limit);
2. Patient with a complex elbow dislocation (i.e., dislocation of the elbow joint, combined with at least a fracture of the radial head, coronoid process, or olecranon);
3. Patient was treated with a hinged external fixator after ORIF and/or arthroplasty due to persistent instability;
4. Provision of informed consent by patient.
- Exclusion criteria1. Patients with distal intra-articular humeral fractures;
2. Patients with additional traumatic injuries of the affected upper limb;
3. Patients who underwent repair of the collateral ligaments and immobilization;
4. Patients with an impaired elbow function (i.e., stiff or painful elbow or neurological disorder of the upper limb) prior to the injury;
5. Retained hardware around the affected elbow;
6. Likely problems, in the judgment of the investigators, with maintaining follow-up (e.g., patients with no fixed address will be excluded);
7. Insufficient comprehension of the Dutch language to understand the rehabilitation program and other treatment information in the judgment of the attending physician;
Exclusion of a patient because of enrolment in another ongoing drug or surgical intervention trial will be left to the discretion of the attending surgeon, on a case-by-case basis.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedno
- group[default]
- TypeSingle arm
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 28-aug-2009
- planned closingdate31-dec-2012
- Target number of participants30
- InterventionsHinged external fixator.
- Primary outcomeQuick-DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand) score.
- Secondary outcome1. Mayo Elbow Performance Index (MEPI);
2. Oxford Elbow Score;
3. Pain level (VAS);
4. Range of Motion of the elbow joint;
5. Radiographic healing;
6. Rate of secondary interventions;
7. Rate of complications;
8. Health-related quality of life (SF-36).
- TimepointsBaseline, 2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months.
- Trial web
- statusstopped: trial finished
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus MC, Trauma Research Unit department of Surgery, Erasmus Medical Center, Medical Ethical Committee (METC)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam
- PublicationsSchep NWL, De Haan J, Iordens GIT, Tuinebreijer WE, Bronkhorst MWGA, De Vries MR, Goslings JC, Ham SJ, Rhemrev S, Roukema GR, Schipper IB, Sintenie JB, Van der Meulen HGWM, Van Thiel TPH, Van Vugt AB, Verleisdonk EJMM, Vroemen JPAM, Wittich P, Patka P, Van Lieshout EMM, Den Hartog D. A hinged external fixator for complex elbow dislocations: A multicenter prospective cohort study. BMC Muskuloskel Dis 2011;12(1):130.

Iordens GIT, Den Hartog D, Van Lieshout EMM, Tuinebreijer WE, De Haan J, Patka P, Verhofstad MHJ, Schep NWL (on behalf of the Dutch Elbow Collaborative). Good Functional Recovery of Complex Elbow Dislocations Treated With Hinged External Fixation: A Multicenter Prospective Study. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2015 Apr;473(4):1451-1461.
- Brief summaryBACKGROUND:
The elbow joint is the second most commonly dislocated joint in adults. The annual incidence of elbow dislocations is 6.1 per 100.000. Complex dislocations of the elbow are associated with fractures. The majority of elbow fractures in adults involves the radial head (30%), the olecranon process (20%), or the coronoid process (10-15%). The fundamental goal in the management of fracture dislocation of the elbow is the restoration of the osseous-articular restraints. Therefore, the majority of these complex dislocations is treated with open reposition and internal fixation (ORIF) and/or arthroplasty. Due to ligament disruption, complex elbow dislocations are at risk of persistent instability if not treated adequately. The current postoperativemanagement of instable elbows following ORIF and/or arthroplasty (of the radial head) consists of primary ligament repair and/or a period of plaster immobilization.A period of plaster immobilization after ORIF may result in a limited range of motion of the elbow joint with subsequent stiffness and (major) disability. A hinged external elbow fixator, on the other hand, may provide enough stability to start early mobilization after surgery. This may potentially limit future disability due to restricted motion.

The primary aim of this trial is to study the Quick-DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand) scores, reflecting functional outcome and pain in patients who sustained a complex elbow dislocation and were treated with ORIF and/or arthroplasty and a hinged external fixator.
Secondary aims are to determine functional outcome, pain, range of motion, rates of complication and secondary interventions, time to radiographic healing, and quality of life in these patients.

Multi-center cohort study.

Adult patients (18 years or older) with a complex elbow dislocation, treated with a hinged external fixator to treat persistent instability of the elbow joint following ORIF.

External elbow fixating is performed using the Othofix® Elbow Fixator (Orthofix Verona, Italy). After surgery, patients are allowed to use a sling for 2 days to one week. Patients will receive after-treatment following a standardized physical therapy protocol. Extension, flexion and pro- and supination active and passive exercises may be started immediately after surgery if tolerated. After 6 weeks the external fixator will be removed.

Primary outcome (Quick-DASH) and secondary outcomes (MEPI, Oxford Elbow Score, pain, ROM, secondary intervention rates, complication rates, and quality of life will be monitored at regular intervals over the subsequent 12 months (2 weeks, 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD8-sep-2009 - 15-jan-2016

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