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Effect of life review therapy in depressed palliative cancer patients.


- candidate number7866
- NTR NumberNTR2256
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR23-mrt-2010
- Secondary IDsWC2009-108 VUmc Amsterdam
- Public TitleEffect of life review therapy in depressed palliative cancer patients.
- Scientific TitleStructured life review using autobiographical memory retrieval practice in depressed palliative head and neck and lung cancer patients.
- ACRONYMSLRUAMRPIDPHANALCP
- hypothesisThe LRT is expected to have a positive effect on quality of life, decreasing level of depressive symptoms and improving specificity of autobiographical memory retrieval.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedDepression, Palliative care , Quality of life, Life review therapy
- Inclusion criteria1. Palliative head and neck and/ or lung cancer patients with a prognose of > 3 months, with a clinical significant level of depressive symptoms (as assessed with the HADS; MINI interview);
2. No severe impediments in oral communication;
3. Capability to express themselves in Dutch.
- Exclusion criteriaPsychotic behaviour (delusions or hallucinations) or severe anxiety or depressive symptoms.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jun-2010
- planned closingdate1-dec-2012
- Target number of participants150
- InterventionsPatients are assigned to either an intervention group; receiving the life review protocol immediately after premeasurement or to a waiting list condition, receiving care-as-usual and a follow-up measurement after one month to asses long-term effectiveness.

Life review therapy, called "dear memories" existing of four structured interviews on positive memories from the past. The intervention will be individually administered and consists of four weekly sessions, with every session focusing on a particular life period – childhood, adolescence, adulthood and summary. For each period, 14 questions are prepared that are designed to prompt specific positive memories. For example: ‘’What is the most pleasant situation that you remember from your childhood? The interviewer tries to get a specific view of the situation by asking for more information. Patients receive feedback on how well they are doing in retrieving specific memories.
- Primary outcomeLevel of depressive symptoms (HADS)
- Secondary outcome1. Specificity of the autobiographical memory;
2. Ego-integrity;
3. Quality of life;
4. Quality of life of the spouse.
- TimepointsPre-test, post-test (5 weeks) and follow-up test (9 weeks).
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMSc. Gitta Kleijn
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMSc. Gitta Kleijn
- Sponsor/Initiator VU University Medical Center, Netherlands Cancer Institute - Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Hospital (NKI AVL)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
ZON-MW, The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development
- Publicationsnone
- Brief summaryBackground of the study:
About 2500 Dutch individuals develop head and neck cancer (HNC) each year of who approximately 700 die from this disease. In about 50% of (HNC) patients in the palliative phase, comorbid symptoms of depression are present. Incurable ill cancer patients often experience feelings of sadness, depression, hopelessness and spiritual distress, such as an evaluation of one’s past and problems with finding a new meaning in life with a palliative disease. In the daily practice of psychosocial care there is an urgent need to evidence-based psychosocial intervention methods enhancing the quality of life and dying and relieving the emotional distress in palliative cancer patients. Structured life review therapy seems to be an intervention appropriate to this need.

Objective of the study:
The goal of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of a structured life review protocol named ‘’Dear Memories’’ on decreasing depressive symptoms and enhancing quality of life in palliative HNC and lung cancer patients. A second aim is to investigate whether the autobiographical memory is malleable. We would like to investigate possible determinants of efficacy of the intervention, such as age, gender and cultural background. If the protocol appears to be effective, it can be introduced in psychosocial care in other cancer patients as well.

Study design:
A multicenter prospective randomised control trial with two parallel groups. Patients are assigned to either an intervention group; receiving the life review protocol immediately after premeasurement or to a waiting list condition, receiving care-as-usual and a follow-up measurement after one month to asses long-term effectiveness.

Study population:
A sample of 150 HNC and LC patients without curative treatment options with a prognosis of > 3 months and with depressive symptoms (HADS score>7) will be included. Exclusion criteria are very severe depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, not able to communicate verbally, insufficient mastery Dutch language, psychotic symptoms or behaviour (delusions or hallucinations).

Intervention:
The intervention will be individually administered and consists of four weekly sessions, with every session focusing on a particular life period – childhood, adolescence, adulthood and summary. For each period, 14 questions are prepared that are designed to prompt specific positive memories. For example: ‘’What is the most pleasant situation that you remember from your childhood? The interviewer tries to get a specific view of the situation by asking for more information. Patients receive feedback on how well they are doing in retrieving specific memories.

Primary study parameters/outcome of the study:
Primary outcome is level of depressive symptoms (HADS).

Secundary study parameters/outcome of the study:
Secondary outcome measures of the respondents are clinical depression (MINI), quality of life (EORTC QLQ-PAL15, EORTC QLQ-HN35, EORTC-QLQ-LC13), ego integrity (NEIS) and specificity of Autobiographical Memory (AMT). Outcome measures of partners are: level of depressive symptoms (HADS), care givers reaction (CRA) and post traumatic growth (PTGI).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD23-mrt-2010 - 27-feb-2016


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