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van CCT (UK)

Implementation of population screening for colorectal cancer by repeated Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT): 3 round.

- candidate number9116
- NTR NumberNTR2755
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR15-feb-2011
- Secondary IDsPG/ZP 2.642.467 WBO
- Public TitleImplementation of population screening for colorectal cancer by repeated Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT): 3 round.
- Scientific TitleImplementation of population screening for colorectal cancer by repeated Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT): 3 round.
- hypothesisEvaluation of a population-based screening program for colorectal by repeated Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT).
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedColorectal cancer, Screening, Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT)
- Inclusion criteria1. Asymptomatic individuals between 50 and 74 years of age;
2. Individuals living in the target area (similar to 1st and 2nd round): Amsterdam, Almere, Watergraafsmeer and Diemen;
3. Non-responders to the 1st and/or 2nd round;
4. Responders to 1st and/or 2nd round;
5. First-time invitees (persons aged 5075 that moved into the target area or persons that turned 50 within the last 2 years).
- Exclusion criteria1. FIT positive in 1st or 2nd round;
2. Complete colonoscopy or CT colonography performed within the last 2 years;
3. Personal history of colorectal cancer;
4. Severe co-morbidity (ASA IV/V);
5. Terminal disease (life-expectancy < 5 years);
6. Inability or refusal to provide informed consent.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedno
- groupParallel
- TypeSingle arm
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-apr-2011
- planned closingdate31-dec-2011
- Target number of participants10000
- InterventionsFor this study, 10.000 individuals will be invited for CRC screening by FIT (OC-sensor).
- Primary outcomeParticipation rate.
- Secondary outcome1. Evaluation of the diagnostic yield of FIT;
2. Evaluation of the reasons for non-participation;
3. Evaluation of the interval carcinomas during three subsequent screening rounds.
- TimepointsEvaluation of the participation rate: All individuals will be invited for FOBT screening by mail. All individuals will receive a pre-announcement 2 weeks before the actual invitation. All non-participants will receive a reminder 4 weeks after the initial invitation. The participation rate will be reported as the percentage of invited subjects who attended FIT screening.

Evaluation of secondary outcomes:
Ad. 1: Detection rate of all adenomas and carcinomas relative to all invitees and relative to all participants;
Ad. 2: Reply-card send by mail together with the invitation;
Ad. 3: Carcinoma detected in a FIT-negative individual, between the rounds of screening.
- Trial web
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator Academic Medical Center (AMC), Department of Hepato- and Gastroenterology, Flevo Hospital
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
ZON-MW, The Netherlands Organization for Health Research and Development
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryColorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most common cancer in the Western world. The lifetime incidence for patients at average risk is about 5 %. Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT), sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy and CT-colonography are available options for colorectal cancer screening. FIT and sigmoidoscopy are the only methods with a documented reduction in CRC-related mortality in randomized clinical trials.

FIT is based on the principle of detecting blood in stool that may originate from a bleeding CRC or large adenoma. FIT is frequently used as screening test worldwide because it is simple to perform at home, is non-invasive and relatively cheap. Two main classes of FITs are available: Guiac-FOBT (gFIT) and faecal immunochemical tests (FIT). gFOBT detect any blood in stool whereas FIT is more specific for human haemoglobin. Adenomas and even CRCs usually bleed intermittently and therefore repetitive (biannual) testing is required.
In 2005-2006 a pilot screening program was performed in Amsterdam and Nijmegen. 20.000 individuals were invited and randomized to either guiac-FOBT or FIT-screening. Participation rate was significantly higher in the FIT-group compared to the guaic FOBT group (60% versus 47%). 9% of all participants had a positive test result. The intention-to-screen detection rate for advanced neoplasia favoured FIT (1.4% versus 0.6%).
To be effective, participation to subsequent screening rounds is essential. A 2nd round of FIT-screening started in 2008. In this study, individuals of the Amsterdam cohort (10.000 individuals) were invited to participate in a 2nd round of (FIT) screening. Participation rate of the 2nd round was lower compared to the 1st round (52% versus 57%). This was mainly due to the non-reponders of the 1st round (21%), but also new invitees (48%) contributed to the lower participation rate. 86% of all participants to the 1st round also participated in the 2nd round. Of all participants to the 2nd round, 8% had a positive test result and 88% of them underwent subsequent colonoscopy. Advanced neoplasia was detected in 44% of them. After matching all invitees to the cancer registry, stage of screen-detected CRCs during the 1st and 2nd round was significantly lower compared to the stage of detected CRCs in non-participants.

As program adherence is of utmost importance in biannual FIT screening we evaluate the participation rate of a third round FIT screening in the Netherlands.
The colonoscopies will take place in two centres; the Flevo Hospital in Almere and the Academic Medical Centre in Amsterdam.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD15-feb-2011 - 22-feb-2011

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