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Use of the Z-cushion in patients with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.


- candidate number9280
- NTR NumberNTR2826
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR28-mrt-2011
- Secondary IDsP11-18 METC Twente
- Public TitleUse of the Z-cushion in patients with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
- Scientific TitleUse of the Z-cushion in patients with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A randomized controlled trial.
- ACRONYMZ-cushion in OSAS
- hypothesisTo assess the efficacy of reducing the sleep time in supine posture with positional therapy using the Z-cushion compared to compared to delay of treatment in patients with mild and moderate positional OSAS.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedObstructive sleep apnea syndrome
- Inclusion criteria1. 18 years or older;
2. Ability to understand and read Dutch;
3. Diagnosis of symptomatic mild or moderate OSAS (5 < AHI < 30);
4. Diagnosis positional OSAS (2*AHInonsupine ≤ AHIsupine).
- Exclusion criteria1. Central sleep apnea syndrome / Cheyne-Stokes respiration;
2. Signs of severe nasal obstruction;
3. Major facial or pharyngeal anatomic abnormalities likely to require surgery;
4. Night or rotating shift work;
5. Severe chronic heart failure;
6. Known history of a known cause of daytime sleepiness and severe sleep disruption (e.g. insomnia, PLMS, narcolepsy).
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlNot applicable
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jun-2011
- planned closingdate1-nov-2011
- Target number of participants44
- InterventionsSubjects who participate in this study will sleep one month with either the Z-cushion (NEG 0608) or will receive no treatment for the first month.
- Primary outcomeAssessing the efficacy in Apnea-Hypopnea Index (AHI) reduction using the Z-cushion compared to delay of treatment in patients with mild and moderate positional OSAS. AHI will be assessed by PSG.
- Secondary outcomeAssessing the efficacy with regard to:
1. Sleepiness;
2. Reducing the sleep time in supine posture;
3. Reducing the number of O2 saturation dips;
using the Z-cushion compared to delay of treatment in patients with mild and moderate positional OSAS.

Sleepiness will be assessed by the Epworth Sleepiness Scale. (M. W. Johns, 1991; 1994).
Sleep time in supine posture and O2 saturation dips will be assessed by PSG.
- TimepointsBaseline and 1 month.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESDrs. E. Lammers
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESDrs. E. Lammers
- Sponsor/Initiator Gelre ziekenhuizen
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Gelre ziekenhuizen, department of Pulmonary Medicine
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summary“Use of the Z-cushion in patients with positional Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: A randomized controlled trial”.

Rationale:
The diagnosis of OSAS is based on the presence of symptoms (e.g. snoring, sleepiness, fatigue and inattention) and the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). The syndrome can be divided in positional and non-positional OSAS. Positional dependent OSAS patients show an increase in sleep-related breathing abnormalities when lying in the supine sleeping position compared to the lateral sleeping position. Positional therapy is recently gaining interest of pulmonologists for the treatment of mild OSAS where 49.5 percent of the patients are position dependent. Positional therapy seems to be equivalent to the use of CPAP in the ability to normalize the AHI in this group of patient with mild OSAS. The positional therapy consists of the patient stitching a pocket with a tennis ball inside onto the back of his pyjama, also called the tennis ball technique (TBT). However this positional therapy has a low patient compliance, because many patients experience this treatment as too uncomfortable to carry on with. This study tries to answer the call for the search of a comfortable and ergonomic positional therapy, which increases compliance for this therapy in positional OSAS patients.

Objective:
To assess the efficacy of reducing the sleep time in supine posture with positional therapy using the Z-cushion compared to compared to delay of treatment in patients with mild and moderate positional OSAS.

Study design:
This study will be conducted according to an open randomized controlled trial design at Gelre Hospital in Zutphen.

Study population:
The subjects for the study will be recruited from the department of pulmonary medicine at Gelre Hospital in Zutphen, the Netherlands. Subjects will me males and females with diagnosis of symptomatic mild or moderate OSAS (5 < AHI < 30) and the diagnosis positional OSAS (2*AHInonsupine ≤ AHIsupine).

Intervention:
Subjects will sleep every night with the Z-cushion during a 1 month period. The small device is placed in an elastic band stretched around the subject’s lower chest. During sleep the device registers the sleep position of the subject and it will vibrate when the subject lays in supine posture.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
Assessing the efficacy in AHI reduction using the Z-cushion compared to delay of treatment in patients with mild and moderate positional OSAS. AHI will be assessed by PSG.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD28-mrt-2011 - 3-sep-2011


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