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Study into treatment of children with difficult to treat epilepsy due to Tuberous sclerosis complex with Rapamycin.


- candidate number10611
- NTR NumberNTR3178
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR2-dec-2011
- Secondary IDsMEC-2010-362 METC Erasmus MC
- Public TitleStudy into treatment of children with difficult to treat epilepsy due to Tuberous sclerosis complex with Rapamycin.
- Scientific TitleRandomised open label cross-over study into the efficacy of Rapamycin in children with Tuberous sclerosis complex with intractable epilepsy.
- ACRONYMRATE
- hypothesisTreating children with TSC and intractable epilepsy with rapamycin in addition to their standard drug regimen will decrease the frequency of their epileptic seizures.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedEpilepsy, Rapamycin, Tuberous sclerosis complex, mTORC1
- Inclusion criteria1. Children with definite TSC;
2. Older than 3 months, up to 12 yrs old;
3. With catastrophic epilepsy (West syndrome or intractable epilepsy defined as 1 or more seizures/week despite two adequate trials of anti-epileptic drug regimens).
- Exclusion criteria1. Renal dysfunction;
2. Surgery during 6wk before inclusion;
3. Current infection.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupCrossover
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 7-sep-2011
- planned closingdate1-sep-2014
- Target number of participants30
- InterventionsTreatment: Rapamycin added to the standard care for 6 months. Control group: Cross-over study. Every patient in the trial will receive rapamycin added to standard care for 6 months. Depending on randomization, patients will receive only standard care during 6 months before or after the rapamycin treatment period.
- Primary outcomeThe primary outcome is change in frequency of epileptic seizures. This will be assessed by comparing the seizure frequency at baseline to the seizure frequency after 6 months of rapamycin added to the standard care. Seizure frequency is recorded by the parents, using an epilepsy diary.
- Secondary outcome1. Proportion of responders (seizure reduction of 50% or more);
2. Seizure severity;
3. EEG changes;
4. Psychomotor development;
5. Side effects.
- TimepointsBaseline, during treatment, before or after treatment (cross over).
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMD. PhD. M.C.Y. Wit, de
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMD. PhD. M.C.Y. Wit, de
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus Medical Center
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Netherlands Epilepsy Foundation (NEF)
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryRationale:
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic disease that leads to epilepsy in up to 90% of patients and mental retardation in over 50% of patients. It has been shown that the development of intractable epilepsy leads to irreversible loss of cognitive development in children with TSC. The underlying deficit of TSC, loss of inhibition of the mTOR protein, can be rescued by rapamycin. There is evidence in human and animal studies that rapamycin can treat epilepsy in patients with TSC.

Objective:
To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of rapamycin in children with intractable epilepsy. Study design: A randomized controlled open label cross-over study.

Study population:
Children older than 3 months up to 12 years old with intractable epilepsy (defined as 1 or more seizures/week despite two or more adequate trials of anti-epileptic drug regimens, including vigabatrin).

Intervention:
Children will be randomized to treatment with oral rapamycin or standard care with cross-over of treatment after 6 months.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
Primary endpoint: change in seizure frequency in the last month of the study as compared to the month before start with rapamycin. Secondary endpoints: EEG changes, psychomotor development.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:
Due to the disease targeted nature of the intervention this study can only be done in this group. Children with intractable epilepsy in this age group are usually admitted to an academic hospital for treatment, or are in frequent contact with their treating pediatric neurologist. The visits for the study will hardly increase the regular burden of visits.
At the visits blood levels will be taken, side effects and growth will be monitored. Routine EEGs will be timed to coincide with entry and endpoint of the study; one or two extra EEGs will be made. Potential benefits are improved seizure control, improved psychomotor development and reduced need for other anti-epileptic drugs. Potential dose-dependent side effects are gastro-intestinal (oral sores and diarrhoea) and immunosuppression.
- Main changes (audit trail)10-jan-2015: On September 1st, the investigators have decided to stop the recruitment of the trial, with permission of the data safety monitoring board. Twenty-three participants have been included in the trial. The planned inclusion of 30 patients was therefore not reached.
The trial was stopped before patient recruitment was complete for various reasons, including slow inclusion, mainly due to a competing clinical trial in the same patient group. The decision to stop the inclusion was made without any knowledge of the results of the trial. The premature ending of the trial resulted in a decrease of power of 90% to 80%, which we except. - AB
- RECORD2-dec-2011 - 10-jan-2015


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