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Study of Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment in the Netherlands.

- candidate number10640
- NTR NumberNTR3182
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR7-dec-2011
- Secondary IDs 
- Public TitleStudy of Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment in the Netherlands.
- Scientific TitleStudy of Integrated Dual Diagnosis Treatment in the Netherlands.
- hypothesisCompared to treatment as usual implementing Integrated Double Diagnosis Treatment (IDDT) in mental health care teams for severe mental illness (SMI) outpatient will improve a. outcomes at psychiatric symptoms and drug or alcohol abuse, and b. will improve therapeutic skills of professionals.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedAlcohol abuse, Mental disorders, Drugs
- Inclusion criteriaAll patients in Mental Health Care (MHC) outpatient teams with a SMI defined as:
1. A diagnosis of schizophrenia or major affective disorder;
2. With a duration of at least 2 years;
3. Severe disability in terms of role functioning;
4. A co-occurring Substance Use Disorder (SUD).
- Exclusion criteriaPatients will be excluded if they have inadequate mastery of the Dutch language.
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupCrossover
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-mrt-2012
- planned closingdate1-sep-2014
- Target number of participants150
- InterventionsTreatment as usual:
Treatment as usual consists of regular outpatient care according to the principles of FACT.

In collaboration with the Trimbos Institute and Arkin, a comprehensive IDDT toolkit has been developed, based upon the IDDT program and adapted to the Dutch health care context. Further development of the toolkit is recently taken over by LeDD, who also provides the implementation of IDDT through training and supervision. The IDDT toolkit comprises several evidence based interventions, but in this study only the core components will be implemented.

In this study IDDT comprises a standardized assessment of substance abuse. Implementation of IDDT entails that all team members;
1. Have knowledge of substance abuse and addiction;
2. Are trained in standardized assessment of substance abuse;
3. Are familiar with the stages as defined by Prochaska and Diclemente;
4. Will be trained in motivational interviewing techniques.
In each team, one team member will be given the task to monitor, and support the execution of IDDT. Also, an addiction specialist, someone with over 2 years of experience in addiction care, will be added to the team.
- Primary outcome1. Type and severity of psychiatric symptoms (BPRS-E);
2. Level of substance abuse (MATE).
- Secondary outcomeOn a patient level we will use the following secondary outcomes:
1. Patients acceptance and adherence to their treatment (CRS);
2. Quality of life (MANSA);
3. Functioning (GAF);
4. stage of substance abuse treatment (SATS);
5. Therapeutical alliance (HAQ).

To study the effects of IDDT training on professionalís therapeutic skills, attitude, knowledge, and fidelity we will use the following secondary outcomes:
1. Mastering of motivational interviewing techniques (MITI);
2. Theoretical knowledge concerning substance abuse (paper test);
3. Team IDDT fidelity (standardized fidelity assessment).
- TimepointsBaseline measurements will be conducted after randomization and follow-up measurements will be conducted at 12, and 24 months after the baseline measurement.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator Arkin Institute for Mental Health, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryBackground:
It is estimated that around 41% of patients in the Netherlands with severe mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder also suffer from alcohol and/or drug use disorders, also called Substance Use Disorder (SUD). Although a number of studies have sought to establish the outcome of various types of integrated interventions, the literature on efficacy is inconsistent. Positive effects were found with Integrated Double Diagnosis Treatment. This is in concordance with experts who advise to integrate psychiatric and substance abuse treatment. Despite the fact that the effectiveness of IDDT has not yet been studied in the Netherlands, several mental health care institutes already have, or want to implement IDDT.

Research Question:
In this study we want to examine the effectiveness of IDDT on clinical outcomes, and the effects of IDDT training on therapeutic skills, attitude, knowledge, and fidelity.

As IDDT involves collective training of all team members, randomisation will be performed per team. This will also prevent contamination of conditions. Teams will be randomly allocated to condition 1, or to condition 2. In condition 1, IDDT will be implemented after baseline measurement. After 12 months, IDDT will also be implemented in condition 2. The follow up period of both teams will be 24 months. Measurements will be performed at baseline, and after 12 (T1), and 24 months (T2). At baseline, all patients will be screened. Patients who fulfil inclusion criteria will enter the study and followed-up.

Sample size calculation/data analysis:
Power analysis indicates that we need a total sample size of 80 patients if we want to detect a reduction of 20% in patients with DD (power=80%, alpha=0.05). Taken into account an estimated intracluster correlation coefficient of 0.005 (Murray & Blitstein, 2003), this sample size needs to be increased to 96 patients (Murphy et al., 2006).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD7-dec-2011 - 17-dec-2011

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