|- candidate number||0|
|- NTR Number||NTR330|
|- Date ISRCTN created||20-dec-2005|
|- date ISRCTN requested||18-okt-2005|
|- Date Registered NTR||16-sep-2005|
|- Secondary IDs||BBC.03.221 |
|- Public Title||Effectiveness of a participatory approach on the use of four ergonomic measures reducing musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers compared with no intervention.|
|- Scientific Title||Effectiveness of a participatory approach on the use of four ergonomic measures reducing musculoskeletal disorders among construction workers compared with no intervention.|
|- hypothesis||It has been hypothesised that, because participatory ergonomics (PE) implementation strategies intervene at all phases of behavioural change for the various stakeholders, they may be successful in increasing the use of ergonomic measures at worksites. A PE implementation strategy is defined as the involvement of people in planning and controlling a significant amount of their own work activities with sufficient knowledge and power to influence processes and outcomes to achieve desirable goals. |
|- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studied||Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs)|
|- Inclusion criteria||Almost no use ( < 10% of the working time) of one ergonomic measure (adjusting the height of bricklaying materials).|
|- Exclusion criteria||None (employers and employees were the participants).|
|- mec approval received||no|
|- multicenter trial||no|
|- control||Not applicable|
|- Type||2 or more arms, randomized|
|- planned startdate ||1-jan-2003|
|- planned closingdate||1-jan-2005|
|- Target number of participants||118|
|- Interventions||1. A six-step participatory approach aimed at behavioural change among employers and employees within companies guided by an experienced ergonomics consultant during 6 months. Employers, work planners, foremen and representatives of bricklayers and bricklayers’ assistants structured and organised the approach and process through a steering group within each company; |
2. No intervention.
|- Primary outcome||Use of ergonomic measures (doing).|
|- Secondary outcome||Behavioural change phases among employers (awareness, accessibility, understanding, wanting, intention and ability) and behavioural change phases among employees (awareness, wanting and ability).|
|- Trial web site||N/A|
|- status||stopped: trial finished|
|- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES||Prof. PhD Monique Frings-Dresen|
|- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES||Dr. H.F. Molen, van der|
|- Sponsor/Initiator ||Academic Medical Center (AMC), Coronel Institute for Occupational and Environmental Health, Arbouw|
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
|WERKGOED (Bouwend Nederland, FNV Bouw, Hout- en Bouw bond CNV, Ministerie van Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid) , Arbouw|
|- Publications||Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health 2005;31(3):191-204. Applied Ergonomics 2005; 36: 449-459. Thesis: ‘Evidence-based implementation of ergonomic measures in construction work’, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2005 (ISBN 90-72748-46-8).|
|- Brief summary||Objective:|
To study the effectiveness of a participatory ergonomics (PE) implementation strategy on the use of ergonomic measures for reducing the physical work demands of construction work.
In a cluster randomised controlled trial, ten bricklaying companies were randomly assigned either to an intervention group which was subjected to a PE implementation strategy (N=5) or to a control group (N=5). The PE implementation strategy consisted of a consultant-guided six-step approach in which different stakeholders from the company participated. Bricklayers and bricklayers’ assistants in the intervention group (n=65) and the control group (n=53) were followed for six months and their use of four ergonomic measures was compared. These measures consisted of adjusting working height when picking up bricks and mortar, adjusting working height for bricklaying at the wall side, mechanising the transport of bricks and mechanising the transport of mortar. The use of ergonomic measures was assessed by means of worksite observations and questionnaires at baseline and after six months. The behavioural change phases of the workers and the employers were determined by questionnaires and interviews respectively. Performance indicators for the PE implementation strategy were assessed through observations by researchers during the implementation process and through questionnaires completed by workers.
The PE implementation strategy had no statistically significant effect on the use of any of the four ergonomic measures either at cluster or at individual level. None of the companies in the intervention group passed through all six steps of the PE implementation strategy. Process outcomes suggest that the ability to use ergonomic measures increased. In bricklaying, self-efficacy and skills to adapt the working height on the scaffolding improved significantly.
The PE implementation strategy did not lead to greater use of ergonomic measures in bricklaying or in the transport of materials. The performance indicators of the PE implementation strategy and the corresponding behavioural change phases in stakeholders can help to detect essential elements of the intervention.
|- Main changes (audit trail)|
|- RECORD||11-okt-2005 - 23-jun-2008|