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Fuel Up: Onderzoek naar het herstel van burn-out door meer inzicht in positieve emoties.

- candidate number11290
- NTR NumberNTR3334
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR7-mrt-2012
- Secondary IDsNL35703.068.11 CCMO
- Public TitleFuel Up: Onderzoek naar het herstel van burn-out door meer inzicht in positieve emoties.
- Scientific TitlePsyMate intervention In Burn Out. Active stimulation of positive affect and mobilisation of psychological resources during burn out treatment.
- ACRONYMFuel Up study
- hypothesisThe following objectives are examined in a randomized controlled trial whether:
1. The use of Psymate feedback on (work-related) situations leads to an increase in Positive Affect (PA), a decrease in Negative Affect (NA) and more effective person-tailored strategies in work-related contexts;
2. Person-tailored feedback on appraisals of work-related activities, NA and PA, (as measured with the PsyMate) during CBT has an additional effect in terms of immediate decrease of burn out symptomatology (as measured with the UBOS) and increase of the work engagement level (as measured with the UWES);
3. Person-tailored feedback on daily life (work) situations (as measured with the PsyMate) reduces symptoms and relapse risk for burn out (as measured with the UBOS) and a higher level of work engagement (as measured with the UWES) at follow up;
4. Additional person-tailored feedback on relevant dynamic daily life emotional experiences in work-related contexts (as measured with the PsyMate) during CBT is cost-effective. The cost effectiveness of the PsyMate intervention is measured with the questionnaire for costs associated with psychiatric illness(TiC-P), a modular questionnaire on productivity and disease for economic evaluation studies (PRODISQ) and EuroQoL-5D (EQ-5D);
5. Changes in daily life experiences such as increasing levels of PA (both in the experimental and the control condition) predict outcome at follow up (in terms of relapse risk, symptoms and level of work engagement);
6. The study contributes to a larger data collection of momentary assessment data and genetic information because the sample size for DNA research needs to be larger than the current study. With the use of the DNA data from this study it will be examined how genetic differences are associated with prospectively measured momentary emotional experiences in interplay with daily life contexts. Momentary positive emotions, as measured with the PsyMate, reduces the moderating effect of genetic risk for stress sensitivity.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedBurnout , Daily functioning, Positive affect, Negative affect
- Inclusion criteria1. 18-65 years;
2. Meeting the criteria of burn out (`Exhaustion+1' criterion) as defined by Brenninkmeyer and Van Yperen;
3. Adequate vision;
4. Sufficient Dutch language skills.
- Exclusion criteriaDiagnosis of non-affective psychosis (e.g. schizophrenia), schizoaffective disorder (current) or a bipolar disorder. Because burn out is not known as a psychiatric syndrome in a current psychiatric classification system, the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) is used to determine the psychiatric classification.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- group[default]
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 15-mrt-2012
- planned closingdate1-jan-2014
- Target number of participants60
- InterventionsThe experimental group receives 5-day pre- and post PsyMate assesments and continuous Psymate assessment (each week 3-days PsyMate measurement during a 6- weeks period) with feedback on Positive Affect (PA) (to both patient and therapist) during treatment as usual (TAU= Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) with the aim of stimulating PA and Work Engagement. Patients in the experimental arm receive PsyMate feedback after each PsyMate intervention week. This sums up to a total of 6 feedback moments. The PsyMate feedback will be given written, and graphically (in clear pie charts and bar graphs) to both patient and therapist, showing emotional responses to daily life activities, events, social and work situations and how these daily life situations relate to momentary affective responses of the participant.

The control group ( n= 30) is divided into 2 subarms:
1. Control group number 1 (n=15) receives 5-day pre- and post PsyMate assessments but no additional intervention during TAU;
2. Control group number 2 (n=15) receives 5-day pre- and post PsyMate assessments and continuous PsyMate assessment (each week 3 days PsyMate measurement during a 6 week period) without feedback. We don’t expect a placebo effect of the PsyMate feedback. People receive the feedback of the PsyMate during a regular session with their therapist, so they receive no higher level of attention. Thereby it’s common in CBT that people receive ‘homework’, like registration of activities, mood, thoughts. Partly the PsyMate covers this, so in the experimental group there will be less need to registrate beside the use of the PsyMate. In order to monitor subtle differences in intensity and a-specific effects, we divided the control group in two, as stated above. This gives the possibility to monitor these issues.
- Primary outcome1. Main outcome measures are pre and post intervention changes in PA, NA and person-tailored strategies as measured with the PsyMate are the main outcome measures for this aim. Multilevel regression analyses are used;
2. Pre – post intervention change in burn out symptomatology as measured with the UBOS questionnaire and Work Engagement as measured with the UWES questionnaire at the end of the intervention, using a t-test;
3. Follow up measures (after 12 and 24 weeks) are changes in burn out symptomatology as measured with the UBOS questionnaire and Work Engagement as measured with the UWES questionnaire.
- Secondary outcome1. This economic evaluation will involve a combination of a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) and a cost-utility analysis (CUA). In a CEA effects are presented in clinical outcomes (in our study increase of work engagement, decrease of burn out and relapse). The primary outcomes measure for the cost-utility analysis will be Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALYs), based on the EuroQol utility scores, which is measured with the TiC-P, PRODISQ and EQ-5D. The health care consumption and costs are compared between the two groups on base-line and at 12 and 24 weeks follow up;
2. Changes in daily life experiences and their relation with burn out levels at follow up are measured with the Psymate.
- TimepointsWeek 1:
1. Quickscan / intake;
2. Questionnaires.

Week 2:
1. Questionnaires;
2. Instruction for assessment on daily life experiences;
3. Assessment on daily life experiences.

Week 4-10:
1. Assessment on daily life experiences (dependant on condition);
2. Feedback on daily life experiences (dependant on condition);
3. Questionnaires.

Week 11- end of therapy:
1. Continuation therapy (CBT), if applicable;
2. End of therapy: Questionnaires and 1 week assessment on daily life experiences.

12 weeks after end of therapy:
1. Follow up session 1;
2. Questionnaires.

24 weeks after end of therapy:
1. Follow up sessie 1;
2. Questionnaires.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator University Maastricht (UM), Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
University Maastricht (UM), Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryRationale:
We hypothesize that momentary assessment technology (PsyMate) during cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT) for participants suffering from burn out will enrich therapy by stimulating positive affect (PA) and Work Engagement (WE) through feedback about feelings, cognitions and environment. We hypothesize that this addition enhances therapeutic efficacy by reducing symptoms and relapse rate.

Does feedback on daily life experiences with the PsyMate during CBT affect basal levels and responses of Negative Affect (NA) and PA in relation to daily life experiences and work appraisals?
Does an increase in PA as a result of the PsyMate feedback lead to a better treatment response (immediate reductions of burn out symptoms, immediate increase of Work Engagement level) than CBT alone?
Does the use of PsyMate feedback result in a decreased relapse risk at follow up?
Is feedback on continuous monitoring with the PsyMate during CBT cost-effective?
Do changes in daily life experiences (both in the experimental and the control condition) predict outcome at follow up (in terms of relapse risk and symptoms)?
Can this study contribute to the collection of a unique sample with the combination of momentary assessment data and molecular genetic information in order to elucidate mechanisms of psychopathology?

Study design:
Randomized controlled trial (RCT) with three groups (1 experimental group with 30 subjects and 2 control groups with each 15 subjects). The experimental group receives a continuous PsyMate assessment (3 days of PsyMate measurements during 6 weeks with weekly feedback to both patient and therapist during CBT. The first control group receives CBT with PsyMate but no feedback. The second control group receives only CBT. All groups receive a 5-day pre- and post PsyMate assessment.

Study population:
A sample of patients (n=60), seeking therapy for burn out at Prima and LavOri, departments of RIAGG Maastricht.

The PsyMate is a recently developed wearable interactive palmtop suitable for the Experienced Sampling Method (ESM) to study subjects in their daily life. The intervention group receives feedback on PsyMate measurements on their experience of PA, NA and appraisals of daily (work) context.

Main study parameters/endpoints:
The rate of change in PA and work activity appraisals measured with the PsyMate, and the change in burn out symptomatology, work engagement respectively measured with the UBOS (Utrecht Burn Out Scale) and the UWES (Utrecht Work Engagement Scale). The cost effectiveness of the PsyMate intervention is measured with the TiC-P, PRODISQ and EQ-5D.

Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness:
There are no health risks associated with participation. Personal benefits for the subjects are (i) an increase in insight and control over recovery mechanisms, and (ii) the standard treatment can be adapted to the individual needs with the use of feedback. Burden for the patients is investment of time.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD7-mrt-2012 - 13-apr-2012

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