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Solarmal: Solar energy for malaria elimination.

- candidate number12921
- NTR NumberNTR3496
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR20-jun-2012
- Secondary IDsNon-SSC protocol No. 350 Kenyan Medical Research Institute (KEMRI)
- Public TitleSolarmal: Solar energy for malaria elimination.
- Scientific TitleSolarmal: Solar energy for malaria elimination.
- ACRONYMSolarmal
- hypothesisTo demonstrate proof of principle for the elimination of malaria from Rusinga Island using the nation-wide adopted strategy of LLINs and case management augmented with mass trapping of mosquito vectors.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedMalaria, Vector control
- Inclusion criteriaEvery resident of Rusinga Island, Mbita District, Nyanza Province, Western Kenya, will be eligible for inclusion in the study.
- Exclusion criteriaN/A
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlNot applicable
- groupCrossover
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jan-2012
- planned closingdate31-dec-2015
- Target number of participants30000
- InterventionsOur study is a variation on a crossover study design which is referred to as a "stepped-wedge" design. In this approach we will provide our intervention (mosquito trap) to every household in our study population gradually, over the course of two years. Commencing in early 2013, the first study households will each receive a mosquito trap and traps will be provided to all households at a rate of 60 households per week. Once a household receives the intervention it will remain in place for the duration of the study.

The order in which the intervention will be provided to households is randomised at the level of "household cluster". This means that during the first few weeks of intervention roll-out, the traps will be provided to households which are geographically clustered together in one randomly selected geographical region of the study area (Rusinga Island). When all households in this area have been provided with the intervention, the deployment will move to another randomly selected geographical area. This process will continue gradually so that at the beginning of the study there are relatively few intervention households and many control households. Half way through the study, half of the households will be part of the intervention group, and the other half will be part of the control group. At completion of the intervention roll-out, every household will be in the intervention group.

The intervention is a mosquito trap which is used to capture mosquitoes that transmit malaria. Inside the trap is a synthetic blend of chemicals which mosquitoes find as attractive as a human. This "odour bait" lures mosquitoes towards the trap. When mosquitoes are close to the trap they are sucked inside it by an electrical fan. Once inside the trap they are unable to escape and they die. By daily trapping of malaria mosquitoes, the mosquito population size will gradually be reduced. As there are fewer and fewer mosquitoes, people will receive fewer bites, and there will be less chance of infection with malaria, thus the incidence of malaria will decline. Our odour-baited mosquito traps will augment the existing strategies of long lasting insecticide treated bed nets and case management using Coartem, as stipulated by the Kenyan national malaria programme.

The electrical fan in the mosquito traps will be powered using solar electricity and so, as well as receiving a mosquito trap, every household will also receive a solar panel. This solar panel will power two lights in the house and a mobile phone charging socket so, in addition to the primary aim of malaria control, the project will also provide improved lighting conditions for houses on Rusinga Island.

Once the intervention is in place at a given household it will remain in place at least until the end of the trial. Arrangements for handing over the traps and solar systems to the local health service or other local Kenyan collaborator, will be set up before the end of the trial.

All households on Rusinga Island, Lake Victoria, will be eligible for inclusion in the study. Every household deciding to take part will receive a trap although the order in which households receive the trap will be randomised, as described above.

Our outcome measure (malaria parasitaemia) will be recorded in a randomly selected 10% of individuals every 4 months, using rapid diagnostic test kits, the results of which will be validated using PCR. We will be able to determine whether the prevalence of malaria infection is lower in residents of households with the intervention (mosquito trap), compared with residents of households without the intervention, at given points in time. It is expected that an overall decline in malaria incidence will be observed over the course of the project.
- Primary outcomeConfirmed clinical malaria incidence (fever plus positive RDT) and malaria parasitaemia (positive RDT with or without clinical symptoms tested in a randomly selected 10% of the population every 4 months).
- Secondary outcomePlasmodium antibodies tested using PCR, entomological inoculation rate, community perception and acceptance of the intervention.
- TimepointsEnrollment of study participants to commence in August 2012, baseline measures of malaria, entomological and sociological outcomes to commence August 2012, roll out of intervention to commence early 2013, complete coverage with intervention due by end 2014.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator Wageningen University (WUR)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
COmON Foundation, The Netherlands
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryThe Solarmal project aims to eliminate malaria from Rusinga Island through the mass provision of odour-baited mosquito traps to all households over the course of two years (2013-2014). Baseline measures of malaria epidemiology will be taken during 2012 and the implementation of the intervention will tke place according to a randomised step wedge design. It is anticipated that daily trapping of malaria vector mosquitoes will reduce daily exposure to mosquito bites and that this will lead to a reduction in malaria transmission intensity on the island.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD20-jun-2012 - 16-dec-2012

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