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ORCHIDS: Study on children's genetic susceptibility to their environment.


- candidate number13267
- NTR NumberNTR3594
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR29-aug-2012
- Secondary IDs11-320/K / 452-10-005; METC UMCU / NWO
- Public TitleORCHIDS: Study on children's genetic susceptibility to their environment.
- Scientific TitleAn Observational Randomized Controlled Trial on Childhood Differential Susceptibility.
- ACRONYMORCHIDS
- hypothesisTwo hypotheses will be tested. First, we expect differential susceptibility, which means that children in the intervention condition who carry one or more susceptibility genes (i.e., carrying a MAOA low activity (short) allele; DAT 10-repeat allele; DRD4 7-repeat allele; DRD2 A1 allele; 5-HTTLPR short allele; and or a COMT val allele) will show a significantly higher decrease of problem behavior and increase of prosocial behavior after their parent(s) received the parent training, compared to children without such susceptibility genes and children in the control group. In the control group, we expect this same genetic subgroup to show most behavior problems and least prosocial behavior. Second, we expect that emotional synchronization in parent-child interactions will mediate the intervention effect. Specifically, we expect that children who carry one or more susceptibility genes show a higher synchronization to their parents’ affect than children without these susceptibility genes. Therefore, we expect these children to benefit most from the increase in parental positive affect and sensitivity induced by the Incredible Years intervention.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedExternalizing behavior problems
- Inclusion criteria1. Families with children aged 4-8;
2. Eyberg Child Behavior Checklist (ECBI) score at or above the 75th percentile.
- Exclusion criteria1. Mental retardation of the parent and/or child (IQ ≤ 70);
2. Not mastering the Dutch language.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- control[default]
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-sep-2012
- planned closingdate1-apr-2016
- Target number of participants480
- InterventionsThe IY training is aimed at improving parenting skills in order to reduce child behavioral problems, such as aggressive behavior, and enhance competent behavior. The IY training includes 14 to16 weekly two hour sessions. During these sessions parents watch video-vignettes, discuss parenting with each other and practice new techniques in role-plays. Each group will consist of approximately 10 to 12 parents. IY parent training is different from most other parent (management) training programs, in that trainers use a collaborative leading style: They do not instruct, but are part of the group and lead discussions. Many previous randomized trials have shown the program to be effective, also in The Netherlands. Hence, IY parent training is an evidence-based parent training.

Participants in the control condition will receive no intervention, but are allowed –and, in case needed, are assisted– to seek mental health care and parenting support through regular services.
- Primary outcomePrimary outcomes are the possible moderating effects of child genotype on the IY intervention effect (i.e., on the decrease in externalizing problems behavior and/or increase in prosocial behavior of the child). The intervention effect will be assessed with the ECBI, the Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngsters (MESSY), and the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System-Revised (DPICS-R).
- Secondary outcomeSecondary outcomes will be the observed (changes in) emotional synchronization in parent-child interactions as possible underlying behavioral mechanism to the G×(G)×E interactions.
- TimepointsScreening (T1), pretest (T2), posttest (T3), and follow-up (T4).
- Trial web sitewww.orchids-studie.nl
- statusplanned
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES Geertjan Overbeek
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES Geertjan Overbeek
- Sponsor/Initiator Utrecht University (UU)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryBackground:
A central tenet in developmental psychopathology is that childhood rearing experiences have a major impact on children’s development. Recently, candidate genes have been identified that may cause children to be differentially susceptible to these experiences (i.e., susceptibility genes). However, our understanding of the differential impact of parenting is limited at best. Specifically, more experimental research is needed. The ORCHIDS study will investigate gene-(gene-)environment (G×(G)×E) interactions to obtain more insight into a) moderating effects of polymorphisms on the link between parenting and child behavior, and b) behavioral mechanisms that underlie these G×(G)×E interactions in an experimental design.

Methods/design:
The ORCHIDS study is a randomized controlled trial, in which the environment will be manipulated with an intervention (i.e., Incredible Years parent training). In a screening, families with children aged 4-8 who show mild to (sub)clinical behavior problems will be targeted through community records via two Dutch regional healthcare organizations. Assessments in both the intervention and control condition will be conducted at baseline (i.e., pretest), after 6 months (i.e., posttest), and after 10 months (i.e., follow-up).

Discussion:
This study protocol describes the design of a randomized controlled trial that investigates G×(G)×E interactions in the development of child behavior. Two hypotheses will be tested. First, we expect that children in the intervention condition who carry one or more susceptibility genes will show significantly lower levels of problem behavior and higher levels of prosocial behavior after their parent(s) received the Incredible Years training, compared to children without these genes, or children in the control group. Second, we expect that children carrying one or more susceptibility genes will show a heightened sensitivity to change, and manifest higher emotional synchronization in dyadic interchanges with their parents, leading to either more prosocial behavior or antisocial behavior depending on their parents’ behavior.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD29-aug-2012 - 12-sep-2012


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