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- candidate number14713
- NTR NumberNTR3949
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR11-apr-2013
- Secondary IDs43290 VK
- Public TitleVolunteer contact.
- Scientific TitleVolunteer contact: A randomized controlled trial on the effectiveness of an individual life-review intervention for people of 65 years and older with mild to moderate depression symptoms.
- ACRONYMVolunteer contact
- hypothesisThe individual life-review intervention reduces depressive sumptoms (primary), depressive disorder, anxiety symptoms and loneliness and improves positive mental health and mastery (secondary).
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedDepressive symptoms, Elderly patients, Life review therapy
- Inclusion criteria1. An age of 65 years or older and receiving health within a healthcare organization (by receiving outpatient or home care, or living in a care or nursing home);
2. Presence of clinically relevant depressive symptoms (score of 2 or higher on the GDS-8).
- Exclusion criteria1. Severe cognitive impairment, measured by a score of 18 or lower on the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE, Folstein et al 1975);
2. The diagnosis of major depressive episode (based on the MINI, 8 or 9 of the 9 DSM-IV symptoms of depression);
3. Having started with medication for depressive symptoms within the past 3 months;
4. Poor command of the Dutch language.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 17-jun-2013
- planned closingdate30-sep-2013
- Target number of participants135
- InterventionsIntervention Dear memories: An individual life-review intervention which trains participants to retrieve specific, positive memories. The intervention consists of five structured conversations of 45 minutes each, in which trained volunteers ask questions about memories of once-only, positive events. The themes of the five sessions are: introduction and familiarization, childhood, youth, adulthood and life in general.

Active control condition: Informal contacts with a volunteer, in which the volunteer and the older adult decide together an activity to do.
- Primary outcomeThe primary outcome is depressive symptoms, which will be measured at study entry, post-intervention and follow up. Depressive symptoms will be measured by means of the 8-item Dutch version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-8; Jongenelis et al., 2007).
- Secondary outcomeSecondary outcomes, which will be measured at study entry, post-intervention and follow up, are anxiety symptoms, positive mental health, mastery, loneliness, and specific positive memories. Anxiety symptoms will be measured with the Anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-A, Zigmond & Snaith, 1983). Positive mental health will be measured using the Mental Health Continuum Short Form (MHC-SF; Lamers et al., 2011). Loneliness will be assessed with a scale developed by de Jong-Gierveld and Kamphuis (1985). Mastery will be assessed with the Pearlin Mastery Scale (Pearlin & Schooler, 1978). Specific, positive memories will be measured using the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT; Williams & Broadbent, 1986). Other secondary measures, which will be measured at study entry and follow up, are functional limitations, general cognitive functioning and depressive episode. Number of functional limitations were indicated by the Groningen Activity Restrictions Scale (GARS; Kempen et al., 1990). General cognitive functioning will be assessed by means of the 30-item Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; Folstein et al., 1975). The presence of major depressive disorder according to DSM-IV criteria will be assessed with The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I; Sheehan et al., 1998).
- TimepointsParticipants have to complete measures at study entry (t0), post-intervention (t1; directly after the intervention, 2 months after study entry), and follow up (t2; 6 months after the end of the intervention).
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator University of Twente
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Zorggroep Sint Maarten , Zorgcentrum de Posten
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryDepression is highly prevalent in frail older adults. The main risk factor for developing a depression is the presence of mild to moderate depressive symptoms. Prevention reduces the number of new cases. Life-review can be considered as an acceptable method for this target group. Central in life-review is an active (re) evaluation of one's own life. Recently, a new individual life-review intervention is developed specifically for frail older adults: 'Dear memories'. The intervention trains the retrieval of specific positive memories. There is a protocol developed for facilitators of the intervention and the intervention has been evaluated in a pilot study by the University of Amsterdam (Vrije Universiteit). Now a randomized, controlled trial is proposed on its effects on depression, anxiety, positive mental health, loneliness and mastery. The intervention will be conducted by trained volunteers.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD11-apr-2013 - 2-aug-2013

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