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van CCT (UK)

van CCT (UK)

Prehabilitation in colorectal cancer patients scheduled for elective colorectal resection

- candidate number14992
- NTR NumberNTR4032
- ISRCTNISRCTN wordt niet meer aangevraagd.
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR14-jun-2013
- Secondary IDsNL45001.044.13 ABR-form
- Public TitlePrehabilitation in colorectal cancer patients scheduled for elective colorectal resection
- Scientific TitlePrehabilitation in colorectal cancer patients scheduled for elective colorectal resection
- hypothesisSince the overall morbidity rate is 33 percent we expect the high-risk group (with an anaerobic threshold < 11 ml/kg/min) to have a morbidity rate of 50 percent. The effect of prehabilitation is expected to decrease the morbidity rate to 20 percent in this specific group. We hypothesize that prehabilitation reduces the amount of postoperative complications from 50 percent to 20 percent in patients with a low cardiorespiratory reserve undergoing elective colorectal surgery for colorectal cancer.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedColorectal cancer, Low anaerobic threshold
- Inclusion criteria-Older than 18 years;
-Colon or rectal cancer;
-Undergoing elective colorectal surgery;
-Having a life expectancy of more then 6 months;
-Has given consent to participate in the study;
-Metabolic equivalent score -Anaerobic threshold < 11 ml/kg/min after the first CPET;
-Able to perform a cardiopulmonary exercise test;
-Will be operated at Medisch Spectrum Twente at Enschede.
- Exclusion criteria-Anaerobic threshold >= 11 ml/kg/min after the first CPET;
-Not capable to perform a cardiopulmonary exercise test;
-Undergoing emergency colorectal surgery;
-Meeting the absolute and/or relative exclusion criteria from the CPET protocol used in Medisch Spectrum Twente. These criteria are based on the criteria from the American Thoracic Society and American College of Chest Physicians Statement on CPET.
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlPlacebo
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-sep-2013
- planned closingdate1-mrt-2015
- Target number of participants84
- InterventionsThe primary endpoint of this study is the number of postoperative complications within 30 days after elective colorectal surgery.

In this study, 42 patients will receive 4 weeks of physiotherapy before surgery. The physiotherapy consists of one hour, high intensity, cardiopulmonary training combined with periphery muscle training, three times a week. The patients will train on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. The training contains cardio-training and muscle strength training (arm and legs) and will be adjusted to the cardiopulmonary reserve of the individual patient, based upon the results of the cardiopulmonary exercise test and the spirometry. The training will be performed under the guidance of a physiotherapist in a private physiotherapy practice in the catchment of the Medisch Spectrum Twente Hospital. Also the patient fulfill home exercises, like walking or cycling and climbing up a stairs, for two times a week for at least 30 minutes at a time, unsupervised, on a moderate level of intensity.
The control group of 42 patients will receive regular health care, without physiotherapy or home exercises.

All patients perform a CPET twice. One CPET at the beginning of the study (before the intervention) and one CPET after 4 weeks. The anaerobic threshold will be measured in the intervention group (with physiotherapy) and in the control group (without physiotherapy). Both groups will undergo colorectal surgery. The postoperative complications will be recorded within 30 days after surgery by using the Clavien-Dindo classification.
- Primary outcomePostoperative complications (pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, infective, cardiovascular, neurological, haematology, pain, wound) within 30 days after surgery in group A and B.
- Secondary outcome-Improvement of AT after the prehabilitation program in the intervention group;
-Natural decline of the cardiopulmonary fitness in the control group by measuring the anaerobic threshold after diagnosis of colorectal cancer and 4 weeks later;
-Length of stay in hospital after surgery;
-Postoperative complications within 30 days after surgery in patients with an anaerobic threshold 11 ml/kg/min after the first CPET;
-Improvement of the inspiratory muscle strength after cardio-fitness training.
- TimepointsComplications on the 7th postoperative day and the 30th postoperative day.
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator Medisch Spectrum Twente
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Medisch Spectrum Twente
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryAbdominal surgical interventions in elderly patients with colorectal cancer are increasing. According to the Dutch Surgcial Colorectal Audit, 33 percent of the colorectal patients have one or more postoperative complications after elective colon surgery. The elderly in particular are prone to postoperative complications. Studies show that an anaerobic threshold below 11 ml/kg/min is a good predictor of postoperative complications. Patients with an anaerobic threshold below 11 ml/kg/min are considered high-risk. Current studies show that high-risk patients who were placed on an exercise program before elective surgery, improve their cardiopulmonary capacity. Our hypothesis is that preoperative training of high-risk patients with colorectal cancer reduces the postoperative complications from 50 to 20 percent.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD14-jun-2013 - 1-jul-2013

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