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Mycophenol mofetil in Antiretroviral Naïve patients 2 (MAN2 study).


- candidate number1687
- NTR NumberNTR428
- ISRCTNISRCTN43218409
- Date ISRCTN created27-jan-2006
- date ISRCTN requested18-nov-2005
- Date Registered NTR15-sep-2005
- Secondary IDsN/A 
- Public TitleMycophenol mofetil in Antiretroviral Naïve patients 2 (MAN2 study).
- Scientific TitleMycophenol mofetil in Antiretroviral Naïve patients 2 (MAN2 study).
- ACRONYMMAN2
- hypothesisDuring chronic HIV-1 infection the immune system is chronically hyperactivated. This hyperactivation is considered as the main cause of CD4+ T-cell loss. Furthermore, HIV replicates most efficiently in activated CD4+ T-cells. In this study we try to inhibit the activation of the immune system with mycophenol mofetil (MMF). Previous studies in which HIV-1 infected patients have been treated with MMF in addition to antiretroviral treatment (ART) have not shown any additional effect, compared to ART alone. In this study MMF will be used without antiretroviral medication.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedHuman immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
- Inclusion criteria1. Patient is ≥ 18 years of age;
2. Patient has a proven HIV-1 infection (with antibodies against HIV-1 and a detectable plasma HIV-1 RNA measured for the first time at least 6 months prior to inclusion);
3. Patient is HIV-1 treatment naïve; CD4+ T lymphocyte count > 250 and <= 450 * 106/L;
4. No signs or history of AIDS defining events;
5. No use of other medications that might possibly influence the effects of MMF;
6. Male; or female sex and willingness to practice effective contraception during the study.
- Exclusion criteria1. Plasma HIV-1 RNA < 10.000 copies/ mL;
2. Autoimmune disease;
3. Active hepatitis B or C virus infection;
4. Other chronic diseases;
5. Recent infectious disease other than HIV-1;
6. Treatment with immunomodulatory or anti-inflammatory medication in the past 6 months;
7. For female patients: pregnancy and lactation;
8. Any other condition, illness or use of medication which according to the investigator is not compatible with the use of the study medication or which could interfere with the evaluations required by the study.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-mrt-2005
- planned closingdate1-mrt-2007
- Target number of participants90
- InterventionsPatients will be randomized (1:1) to mycofenol mofetil (MMF) 500 mg BID versus no treatment.
- Primary outcomeEndpoints: Primary endpoints are change over time (baseline – week 48) in CD4+ T cell count and peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBMC) activation markers.
- Secondary outcomeSecondary endpoints are changes over time (baseline – week 48) in plasma HIV-1 RNA, time to reach indication to start ART (separated in three groups:
1. two consecutive measurements of CD4+ T cell count below 250 * 106 cells/ L with at least 4 weeks interval;
2. the occurrence of a CDC class B or C event;
3. any other reason); safety data.
- TimepointsN/A
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESDrs. J.N. Vermeulen
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESProf. Dr. J.M. Prins
- Sponsor/Initiator Academic Medical Center (AMC) - NATEC
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Private fund
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryBackground:
During chronic HIV-1 infection the immune system is chronically hyperactivated. This hyperactivation is considered as the main cause of CD4+ T-cell loss. Furthermore, HIV replicates most efficiently in activated CD4+ T-cells. In this study we try to inhibit the activation of the immune system with mycophenol mofetil (MMF). Previous studies in which HIV-1 infected patients have been treated with MMF in addition to antiretroviral treatment (ART) have not shown any additional effect, compared to ART alone. In this study MMF will be used without antiretroviral medication.

Objectives:
Primary objective of the study is the evaluation of the effect of MMF on the chronic hyperactivation of the immune system and the decrease of the CD4+ T-cell count in chronically HIV-1 infected patients who are not treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART). Secondary objectives include the evaluation of the effect of MMF on plasma HIV-1 RNA; progression of disease/ reaching of indication to start ART; and the safety of treatment with MMF in this patient group.

Study Design:
This is a multi center, randomized, open-label study, in which patients will be randomized to treatment with mycophenol mofetil (MMF) 500 mg BID during 48 weeks versus no treatment. In a subgroup of 20 patients (“immunology group”, the first 20 patients in the AMC hospital, Amsterdam, the Netherlands) a number of additional immunological measurements will be performed.

The study duration is 60 weeks (48 weeks of treatments with 1 additional visit 12 weeks after cessation of treatment).

Study Population:
Potential participants are adult chronically HIV-1 infected patients, who have never been treated with ART and who according to the present criteria do not need to be treated. CD4+ T lymphocyte count has to be > 250 and <= 450 * 106/L, plasma HIV-1 RNA (viral load) < 10.000 copies/ mL.

Intervention:
Patients will be randomized (1:1) to mycofenol mofetil (MMF) 500 mg BID versus no treatment.

Endpoints:
Primary endpoints are change over time (baseline – week 48) in CD4+ T cell count and peripheral blood lymphocyte (PBMC) activation markers.

Secondary endpoints are changes over time (baseline – week 48) in plasma HIV-1 RNA, time to reach indication to start ART (separated in three groups:
1. two consecutive measurements of CD4+ T cell count below 250 * 106 cells/ L with at least 4 weeks interval;
2. the occurrence of a CDC class B or C event;
3. any other reason); safety data.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD15-sep-2005 - 16-nov-2009


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