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van CCT (UK)

van CCT (UK)

Using SMS and the Internet to promote physical activity among adults

- candidate number17307
- NTR NumberNTR4503
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR9-apr-2014
- Secondary IDsUM SmartMobiel
- Public TitleUsing SMS and the Internet to promote physical activity among adults
- Scientific TitleA comparison of an eHealth versus a mHealth promotion programme to increase physical activity in healthy adults: randomized controlled trial
- hypothesisThe central hypothesis is that the mobile programme is more effective than the web-based programme in increasing physical activity (PA).
1. Both intervention groups will show an increased PA level.
2. Participants of the mobile programme will show a significantly higher PA level compared to participants of the web-based programme or control group.
3. No significant difference in PA is expected in the control group.
4. In addition, the mobile programme will be rated as more appealing than the web-based programme and correlates with higher adherence.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedPhysical activity
- Inclusion criteria1. Active smartphone users
2. Internet access
3. Over the age of 18
4. Would like to engage more in physical activity
5. Sufficient understanding of the Dutch language
- Exclusion criteria1. Injuries (leading them to not be able/allowed to engage in moderate physical activity)
2. Being pregnant at the time of recruitment
3. Having a holiday scheduled for more than five working days during the intervention period
4. Participation in another intervention during the intervention period as well
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 11-apr-2014
- planned closingdate11-nov-2014
- Target number of participants423
- InterventionsThe intervention programme is called "SmartMobiel".
SmartMobiel is a web-based computer-tailored programme that addresses specifically physical activity as healthy lifestyle behaviour. It is based on an eHealth programme (MoMo) developed by our research group in collaboration with the Freie Universitšt Berlin (Fleig, Schulz, Kremers, & de Vries, 2012).
The main aim of SmartMobiel is to stimulate participants to engage more in physical activity by influencing intention, ability factors (i.e. action plans, goal action), and self-efficacy. In the SmartMobiel programme, a progressive scheme of 4 steps will be applied. The pre-test questionnaire serves as a baseline measurement. Next, there are 3 feedback moments: personalized messages according to the participantís responses on the online questionnaires that will inform them about their performance, with an interval of 2 days. After the first follow-up measurement (day 7), respondents receive 3 feedback messages, again every two days. On day 14, respondents undergo a second follow-up measurement. Followed by a post-test measurement (day 21), respondents receive 3 feedback messages within an interval of two days. The feedback messages are tailored to: physical activity, intention, planning, exercise change, sedentary behaviour, self-efficacy, satisfaction and physical activity change. It will be a test period of 21 days.
For developing the programme, the I-Change model (De Vries et al., 2003) was used as a theoretical framework.
In our randomized controlled trial, respondents will be randomized among three groups: the control group will receive the questionnaires; experimental group 1 will, in addition, receive tailored advice delivered via SMS, and experimental group 2 will receive tailored advice via the Internet.
- Primary outcomePhysical activity, intention, planning, goal enactment and self-efficacy
- Secondary outcomeLevel of appreciation and completion rates
- TimepointsBaseline measurement (T0) - 7 days time for consideration
First follow-up measurement (T1) - 7 days after T0
Second follow-up measurement (T2) - 7 dagen after T1
Third follow-up measurement (T3) - 7 days after T2
Fourth follow-up measurement (T4) - 180 days after T0
- Trial web site-
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- Sponsor/Initiator University Maastricht (UM)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
University Maastricht (UM)
- Publicationsn/a
- Brief summaryBackground
Physical inactivity is considered a global major public health concern. Sedentary and inactive lifestyles have been related to lower quality of life, higher risk of various medical conditions, an overall higher risk of hospitalization and increased all-cause mortality.
According to the public health guidelines, adults are recommended to engage in moderate physical activity for 30 minutes preferably all days or at least five days a week. It is estimated that half of the Dutch population insufficiently engages in physical activity. Effective interventions are needed in order to encourage an active lifestyle.
Empirical studies indicate that Web-based computer tailoring is a promising health education technique that provides individualized information and feedback on health-related behaviour instead of general, non-tailored information.
Recent years have seen the convergence of mobile Health or mHealth which makes use of mobile telecommunication and multimedia technologies as health care delivery systems. The delivery of an intervention by a smartphone might have a powerful impact as it could be a cost-effective, convenient and wide-reaching way to increase physical activity. Mobile devices are personal, portable and ubiquitous and therefore an appealing intervention platform.
Research questions
1. Are mobile health programmes more effective than web-based programmes in increasing physical activity?
2. Are mobile programmes rated as more appealing and do they lead to higher prolonged use than web-based programmes?
Relevance of the study
Despite the rapid increase in smartphone usage rates and available applications, indeed promoting physical activity, it remains insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of such technologies. The present study has the potential to provide evidence in this area of innovation.
The study will be carried out in the Netherlands. Respondents will be recruited by Flycatcher (i.e. an online access panel).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD9-apr-2014 - 1-mei-2014

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