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Dubbel puls TMS-EEG bij epilepsie: verbeteren van de diagnostiek


- candidate number19503
- NTR NumberNTR4793
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR18-sep-2014
- Secondary IDsNL49854.044.14 P14-20 METC
- Public TitleDubbel puls TMS-EEG bij epilepsie: verbeteren van de diagnostiek
- Scientific TitlePaired pulse TMS-EEG in epilepsy: improving the diagnostics process
- ACRONYMTMS-03
- hypothesisDue to an increased cortical excitability of the brain of epilepsy patients, epileptic seizures can occur. Since, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) provides the opportunity to assess cortical excitability, paired pulse TMS is a candidate technique to improve the diagnostic process in epilepsy. We expect to measure an increased cortical excitability in epilepsy patients compared to healthy controls as well as in first seizure patients who are afterwards diagnosed with epilepsy compared to those who are not. Hopefully, it is thus possible to diagnose or rule out epilepsy faster and more reliable.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedEpilepsy, Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
- Inclusion criteria1) Patients presenting with a first (epileptic) seizure
Presentation of a first (epileptic) seizure
Ability to understand and comply with the instructions for the TMS session

2) Healthy controls
Ability to understand and comply with the instructions for the TMS session
- Exclusion criteria Younger than 18 years
Contra-indications of TMS (although not absolute): (possibility of) pregnancy, metal objects in brain/skull, cochlear implant, deep brain stimulator, history of spinal cord surgery, drains in the spinal cord or ventricles, use of seizure threshold lowering or enhancing medication
Follow-up impossible due to logistical reasons

In addition, healthy subjects are excluded if they have a
Personal history of epilepsy
Lesion in the brain, be it vascular, traumatic, infectious or metabolic
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, non-randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-sep-2014
- planned closingdate31-dec-2017
- Target number of participants165
- InterventionsTMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation) is a non-invasive, safe, easy, and painless technique to stimulate the brain. In this study TMS is combined with both EMG and EEG. Prior to the TMS measurements, the motor hot spot and resting motor threshold (rMT) of the abductor digiti polices brevis muscle are determined on both sides. Furthermore, a 64 channel EEG is applied. Hereafter, 50 pairs of pulses (conditioning pulse followed by test pulse) are given randomly at six different interstimulus intervals (ISIs): 50, 100, 150, 200, 250 and 300 ms. Both pulses are given at an intensity of 120% the rMT.
- Primary outcomeThe main study parameters are the presence and characteristics of the TMS-EMG (MEP) and TMS-EEG (TEP) response.

1) MEP response
Resting motor threshold (rMT) - Tesla
Long intracortical inhibition (LICI) - percentage ratio of the mean peak-to-peak amplitude of the response to the second test pulse (TR) and the first conditioning pulse (CR) at each ISI (TR/CR%)

2) TEP response
Amplitude of peaks - microV
Latencies of peaks - ms
- Secondary outcomeAdditional signal analysis methods applied on the MEP and TEP. For example, wavelet analysis of early and late TEPs and the spatio-temporal characteristics of the TEP.
- TimepointsThe first TMS sessions is performed within two weeks after the first seizure and before anti-epileptic medication is started.

The second TMS session is performed approximately one week after the first session and is used to investigate the reproducibility of paired pulse TMS measurements.
- Trial web site
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES A.A. Goede, de
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESProf. dr. ir. M.J.A.M. Putten, van
- Sponsor/Initiator University of Twente
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Stichting TWIN
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryRationale:
Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders. Due to an increased cortical excitability of the brain of epilepsy patients, epileptic seizures can occur. However, between the epileptic seizures, the brain may function completely or almost normally. This results in the limited sensitivity of the routine electroencephalogram (EEG), making the diagnostic process in epilepsy is often time-consuming and labour-intensive. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in combination with EEG makes it possible to stimulate the brain, while simultaneously assessing cortical excitability. The combination of paired pulse TMS-EEG makes it hopefully possible to diagnose or rule out epilepsy faster and more reliable.

Objective:
The primary objective is to evaluate differences in motor evoked potential (MEP) and TMS evoked potential (TEP) to paired pulse TMS between epilepsy patients and healthy controls.
Secondary objectives are:
1) To evaluate differences in MEP and TEP to paired pulse TMS between patients presenting with a first (epileptic) seizure who are diagnosed with epilepsy afterwards and those who are not
2) To evaluate reproducibility of the MEP and TEP to paired pulse TMS
3) To explore (additional) signal analysis techniques for characterising the MEP and TEP to paired pulse TMS

Study design:
Interventional study at the Clinical Neurophysiology and Neurology departments of the Medisch Spectrum Twente.

Study population:
Approximately 135 patients presenting with a first (epileptic) seizure and 30 healthy controls. In the end we need 20 first seizure patients who are not diagnosed with epilepsy, 20 first seizure patients who are diagnosed with generalized epilepsy, and 20 first seizure patients who are diagnosed with focal epilepsy. Subjects are excluded when they are younger than 18 years, have an (absolute) contra-indication for TMS or when follow-up is impossible for logistical reasons. Furthermore, the healthy controls are not included if they have a personal history of epilepsy or if they have a lesion in the brain.

Intervention:
The first seizure patients will undergo one paired pulse TMS session (selection of 30 patients will undergo two TMS sessions) and the healthy controls will undergo two paired pulse TMS sessions, with one week in between. Paired pulse TMS is a non-invasive, safe and painless technique..

Primary study parameters:
Primary study parameters are the characteristics of the MEP (resting motor threshold (rMT) and long intracortical inhibition (LICI)) and TEP (amplitude and latency of peaks).
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD18-sep-2014 - 10-okt-2014


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