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Placental remnants curettage hysteroscopic morcellation trial


- candidate number21023
- NTR NumberNTR4923
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR23-nov-2014
- Secondary IDsM14-1409 
- Public TitlePlacental remnants curettage hysteroscopic morcellation trial
- Scientific TitleSurgical treatment of placental remnants: hysteroscopic morcellation versus ultrasound guided electric vacuum aspiration, a multicenter randomized controlled trial.
- ACRONYMPLACEMTA
- hypothesisHysteroscopic morcellation of placental remnants has a lower risk of postoperative intrauterine adhesion formation compared to ultrasound guided electric vacuum aspiration.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedPlacenta, Curretage, Hysteroscopy
- Inclusion criteriaIn order to be eligible to participate in this study, a subject must meet all of the following criteria:
- Age at least 18 years
- Ultrasonographic findings: image suggestive for placental remnants ranging from 1 to 4 cm in diameter
- Willing to give informed consent
- Exclusion criteriaA potential subject who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:
- Placental remnants with a maximum diameter smaller than 1 cm or more than 4 cm
- Patients presenting with fever
- Visual or pathological (e.g. on biopsy) evidence of malignancy preoperatively or at the time of operation
- Untreated cervical stenosis making safe uterine access impossible as diagnosed preoperatively by ambulant hysteroscopy
- A contra-indication for surgery
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- group[default]
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jan-2015
- planned closingdate1-jan-2019
- Target number of participants140
- Interventionshysteroscopic morcellation
ultrasound guided electric vacuum aspiration
- Primary outcomeIntrauterine adhesions diagnosed by second look hysteroscopy after at least 1 menstruation or a period of minimum 8 weeks after the operation.
- Secondary outcome- Installation and operating time
- Conversion rates
- Peri- and postoperative complications (e.g. excessive fluid deficit in case of hysteroscopy, perforation, hemorrhage, postoperative infection)
- Availability of tissue for pathology analysis and pathology results
- Completeness of removal at second look hysteroscopy
- Persistence of symptoms
- Necessity for additional treatment
- Timepoints- Outpatient clinic: diagnosis retained product of pregnancy. randomization to:
A. vacuum aspiration asap or
B. 6 weeks after termination of pregnancy diagnostic hysteroscopy. confirmation placental remnant then hysteroscopic morcellation
- Second look hysteroscopy 8 weeks after surgery or 1 menstruation
- Trial web site
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES T. Hamerlynck
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMD PhD H.A.A.M. Vliet, van
- Sponsor/Initiator Catharina Hospital Eindhoven, Ghent University Hospital
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
- Publications- Golan A, Dishi M, Shalev A, Keidar R, Ginath S, Sagiv R. Operative hysteroscopy to remove retained products of conception: novel treatment of an old problem. J. Minim. Invasive Gynecol. 2001;18(1):100–3.

- Hamerlynck TWO, Blikkendaal MD, Schoot BC, Hanstede MMF, Jansen FW. An Alternative Approach for Removal of Placental Remnants: Hysteroscopic Morcellation. J. Minim. Invasive Gynecol. 2013;20:796–802.

- Cohen SB, Kalter-Ferber A, Weisz BS, Zalel Y, Seidman DS, Mashiach S, et al. Hysteroscopy may be the method of choice for management of residual trophoblastic tissue. J. Am. Assoc. Gynecol. Laparosc. 2001;8(2):199–202.

- Dankert T, Vleugels M. Hysteroscopic resection of retained placental tissue: a feasibility study. Gynecol. Surg. 2008;5:121–4.

- Faivre E, Deffieux X, Mrazguia C, Gervaise A, Chauveaud-Lambling A, Frydman R, et al. Hysteroscopic management of residual trophoblastic tissue and reproductive outcome: a pilot study. J. Minim. Invasive Gynecol. 2009;16(4):487–90.

- Nicopoullos JDM, Treharne A, Raza A RR. The use of a hysteroscopic resectoscope for repeat evacuation of retained products of conception procedures: a case series. Gynecol. Surg. 2010;7:163–6.

- Rein DT, Schmidt T, Hess AP, Volkmer A, Schöndorf T, Breidenbach M. Hysteroscopic management of residual trophoblastic tissue is superior to ultrasound-guided curettage. J. Minim. Invasive Gynecol. 2011;18(6):774–8.

- Kuzel D, Horak P, Hrazdirova L, Kubinova K, Sosna O, Mara M. “See and treat” hysteroscopy after missed abortion. Minim. Invasive Ther. Allied Technol. 2011;20(1):14–7.
- Brief summaryRationale: Placental remnants can occur following miscarriage, termination of pregnancy (TOP), after vaginal delivery or cesarean section. Placental remnants are mainly removed by curettage, however data suggest that hysteroscopic removal might be superior to curettage regarding completeness of removal, tissue availability, and the risk of development of intrauterine adhesions (IUA).
Objective: To compare HM to ultrasound guided electric vacuum aspiration (EVA) for removal of placental remnants with respect to the risk of IUA formation, and in terms of efficiency and complications.
Study design: Multicenter, randomized controlled trial.
Study population: Women aged over 18 years old with placental remnants measuring 1 to 4 cm, after miscarriage, termination of pregnancy (TOP) or delivery.
Intervention: Patients are randomized between HM or ultrasound guided EVA.
Main study parameters/endpoints: IUA at follow-up. Women who attend our outpatient clinic will be seen on a first visit, and, according to the standard work-up, an ultrasound will be performed when placental remnants are suspected. Patients with placental remnants according to the ultrasonographic inclusion criteria are asked whether they want to take part in this study after discussion of the different treatment options. With their consent, patients are randomized between EVA and HM. Patients who are randomized for EVA can undergo this procedure as soon as possible, as this is common practice. Patients in the hysteroscopic treatment arm first undergo an ambulant diagnostic hysteroscopy at a minimum of 6 weeks after end of pregnancy to confirm the diagnosis. Upon confirmation a HM procedure is scheduled approximately 1 week later. A postoperative visit with second look hysteroscopy, checking for intrauterine adhesions and completeness of removal, is scheduled after at least 1 menstruation or a period of minimum 8 weeks after the operation. Late postoperative complications and complaints are recorded.
Aim of the study is to examine whether HM beholds advantages over ultrasound guided EVA in terms of a lower risk of IUA formation and more complete removal, as these often require additional treatment and may influence patient’s future fertility.
- Main changes (audit trail)Addendum 6-dec-2015: Er zal een prospectieve observationele arm toegevoegd worden aan deze studie. We zouden de patiëntes met een placentarest die niet wensen deel te nemen aan het gerandomiseerde onderzoek, prospectief willen opvolgen mits hun toestemming. De observationele gegevens kunnen ons bijkomende informatie geven over de voor- en nadelen van een bepaald(e) beleid/behandeling. Dit werd reeds goedgekeurd door het ethisch comité van UZ Gent (België) en zal ook aangevraagd worden aan de verantwoordelijke METC’s in Nederland.

Study design: Multicenter, randomized controlled trial, and a prospective cohort study of patients who do not want to participate in the randomized trial.

Main changes: Patients who do not want to participate in the randomized trial are asked whether they consent with follow-up in the prospective cohort study, and they receive the treatment of their choice. Subjects that withdraw from the study preoperatively will have no follow-up within the study, but will receive standard follow-up and treatment outside of the study. With their consent they can be followed-up in the prospective cohort study.
- RECORD23-nov-2014 - 23-dec-2015


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