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The effects of observation of chewing on chewing, food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia


- candidate number21883
- NTR NumberNTR5124
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR30-mrt-2015
- Secondary IDs60-61700-98-023 / 32 030 0003 AAL-project
- Public TitleThe effects of observation of chewing on chewing, food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia
- Scientific TitleThe effects of video observation of chewing during lunchtime, on mastication, food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia
- ACRONYM
- hypothesis- Video observation of chewing during lunchtime has a beneficial effect on masticatory ability in older adults with dementia
- Video observation of chewing during lunchtime has a beneficial effect on food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedDementia
- Inclusion criteria- Having a diagnosis of dementia (as stated in the medical status of the person)
- MMSE score of max. 25
- Age: at least 70 years
- Exclusion criteria- History of alcoholism
- Cerebral trauma
- Hydrocephalus
- Visual impairments
- Neoplasm
- History of depression
- Personality disorders, other than those based on dementia
- Disturbances of consciousness
- Dysphagia
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- controlPlacebo
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 2-apr-2013
- planned closingdate31-mrt-2016
- Target number of participants199
- InterventionsThe experimental group watches videos of people eating/chewing, and the control group watches videos of nature and buildings. Both groups watch these videos for three months, five days a week, during lunchtime. Videos are shown on tablet-PCs
- Primary outcomeMasticatory ability
-- Two-colour chewing gum test
- Secondary outcome- Food intake
-- Weighed inventory method

- Cognition
-- Mini-Mental State Examination (this is the only cognitive test that is adminstered for participants with an MMSE score <15)
-- Eight words test (subtest ADS)
-- Picture completion (subtest GIT)
-- Letter fluency test
-- Digit span (subtest WAIS-III)
-- Face recognition and Picture recognition (subtest RBMT)
-- Category fluency tests (subtest GIT)
-- Visual memory span (subtest WMS)

- Activities of daily living
-- Katz index

- Depression
-- Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia

- Quality of life
-- DQoL
-- QUALIDEM
- TimepointsFour moments of measurement: T1: baseline (week 0), T2: halfway through the intervention (week 7), T3: post-intervention (week 13), and T4: follow-up (week 19)
- Trial web site
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMSc. J.G. Douma
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMSc. J.G. Douma
- Sponsor/Initiator Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Ambient Assisted Living Joint Program (AAL)
- Publications
- Brief summaryThis study examines the effects of video observation of chewing during lunchtime on masticatory ability, food intake, cognition, activities of daily living, depression, and quality of life in older adults with dementia, residing in residential care settings
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD30-mrt-2015 - 18-okt-2015


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