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The effects of leg power training on mobility and gait biomechanics in old adults with moderate mobility disability


- candidate number21967
- NTR NumberNTR5151
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR17-apr-2015
- Secondary IDsEthical Review No. 40/2014  Potsdam University Research Ethics Committee
- Public TitleThe effects of leg power training on mobility and gait biomechanics in old adults with moderate mobility disability
- Scientific TitlePower training and gait biomechanics in moderately disabled old adults
- ACRONYMPotsdam Gait Study Ė POGS
- hypothesisIncreasing age is associated with a decrease in step length, gait speed, and mobility. Gait speed predicts numerous clinical conditions, including independence and mortality. A variety of exercise interventions are highly effective in maintaining and even increasing old adultsí gait speed. For example, it is routinely reported that increases in leg muscle strength are coupled with increases in habitual and maximal gait speed. Curiously, there is virtually no information about the neural and biomechanical mechanisms mediating the increases in gait speed. Therefore, the aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to determine the effects of leg power training on mobility and gait biomechanics in old adults with moderate mobility disability. The hypothesis is that power training increases leg muscle power measured by dynamometry and these increased abilities become expressed in joint powers measured during gait. We expect that such favorable modifications in joint kinetics underlie the increases in step length, leading ultimately to a faster post-intervention walking speed.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedHealthy elderly , Mobility, Disability
- Inclusion criteriaMale, female, age ≥65, controlled blood pressure, self-selected gait speed < 1.2 m/s.
- Exclusion criteriaBMI ≥ 30, unable to walk 10 m independently, joint replacements in leg less than 6 months before enrollment, uncontrolled CVD or angina, neuromuscular disease, diagnosed Parkinsonís disease, Multiple Sclerosis, or stroke, cancer therapy less than 3 months before enrollment, severe asthma or chronic bronchitis, diagnosed diabetes with neuropathy, poor and uncontrolled eyesight
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupCrossover
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-feb-2015
- planned closingdate1-jan-2016
- Target number of participants30
- InterventionsPower training consists of 30 sessions administered over 10 weeks. We use the approach of intention to treat with the minimum number of training sessions 80% (24/30) for a subjectís data to be included in the analysis. The intervention focuses on improving leg power and is based on ACSM guidelines. Each session starts with 3-5 minutes of warm-up. There are two personal trainers testing and supervising subjects at all times.
Subjects will be initially tested for their three repetition maximum (3RM) measured on: 1) a seated leg press, finishing the movement with an ankle thrust and 2) knee extension (Life Fitness, Inc.) As recommended for power training by ACSM, naÔve subjects perform three sets of 6-8 repetitions at 40-60% of the most recent 1RM with the intention to move the weights rapidly, explosively. The inter-repetition and inter-set rest is, respectively 10 s and 1 min. Subjects perform the following main exercises targeting leg power: seated leg press completed with an ankle thrust, knee extension, and knee flexion. Exercise progression will be based on the 3RM re-measured biweekly. Subjects can choose from a menu of supplementary exercises including trunk muscle exercises (e.g., plank).
- Primary outcomeGait speed
- Secondary outcomeMuscle power, gait biomechanics, SPPB, 6-minute walk test, balance, stair climbing time.
- Timepoints1) Baseline, 2) after 10wks of training, and 3) after 10wks of no intervention follow-up at 20 wks.
All variables are recorded at all Timepoints
- Trial web site
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES C.M.I. Beijersbergen
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES C.M.I. Beijersbergen
- Sponsor/Initiator University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
University of Potsdam, Division of Training and Movement Sciences, Potsdam, Germany
- Publications
- Brief summaryBACKGROUND: Self-selected habitual gait speed measured on a level surface is a marker and predictor of many clinical conditions, including daily function, late-life mobility, independence, mental health, survival, and mortality. Although physical therapists, geriatricians, and rehab experts routinely prescribe interventions for old adults, we do not know how, if at all, training-induced performance enhancements become incorporated into movements of activities of daily living, and in case of gait, produce longer steps and faster walking.
OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of the present randomized controlled trial is to determine the effects of leg power training on mobility and gait biomechanics in old adults with moderate mobility disability.
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that power training increases leg muscle power measured by dynamometry and these increased abilities become expressed in joint powers measured during gait. We expect that such favorable modifications in joint kinetics underlie the increases in step length, leading ultimately to a faster post-intervention walking speed.
STUDY DESIGN: This study is a randomized controlled trial with two arms, each crossed over, without blinding. Arm 1 completes 25-30 exercise sessions over 10 weeks, followed by a 10-week follow-up (detraining) period. Arms 2 starts with a 10-week control period to assess reliability of the tests and are then crossed over to complete 25-30 training sessions over 10 weeks.
INTERVENTION: The exercise program is designed to improve lower extremity muscle power based on ACSM guidelines. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Gait speed, muscle power, and gait biomechanics are tested at baseline, 10 weeks, and 20 weeks.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD17-apr-2015 - 22-mei-2015


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