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van CCT (UK)


Mirror therapy in patients with CRPS I of the upper extremity; a randomized clinical trial.


- candidate number1860
- NTR NumberNTR530
- ISRCTNISRCTN68438240
- Date ISRCTN created23-feb-2007
- date ISRCTN requested13-jan-2006
- Date Registered NTR28-nov-2005
- Secondary IDsN/A 
- Public TitleMirror therapy in patients with CRPS I of the upper extremity; a randomized clinical trial.
- Scientific TitleMirror therapy in patients with CRPS I of the upper extremity; a randomized clinical trial.
- ACRONYMMirror therapy in CRPS I
- hypothesisMirror therapy in patients with CRPS I has a positive effect on pain, oedema, sensibility, hand function, ADL and quality of life compared to standard treatment.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedComplex regional pain syndrome type 1 (CRPS I)
- Inclusion criteriaModified research diagnostic criteria for CRPS-1 based on Bruehl 1999.
- Exclusion criteria1. Treatment for CRPS-I in an other institution;
2. Psychiatric problems;
3. Lack of motivation.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-dec-2005
- planned closingdate1-dec-2007
- Target number of participants52
- InterventionsMirror therapy versus standard treatment.
- Primary outcomePain.
- Secondary outcome1. Hand function
2. ADL;
3. Oedema;
4. Sensibility;
5. Quality of life.
- TimepointsN/A
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESDr. Ton A.R. Schreuders
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESDr. Ruud W. Selles
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus Medical Center
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Erasmus Medical Center, Mrace Comittee, Erasmus MC
- PublicationsN/A
- Brief summaryMirror therapy was introduced by Ramachandran in patient with phantom limb pain and is based on new knowledge about the plasticity of the brain. Recently, studies in patients with CRPS have suggested that exercising with the painful hand behind a mirror and watching a reflection of the normal hand will give the brain the illusion that the hand is now able to move normally.
In these controlled but undersized studies, positive effects were reported on pain, oedema and hand function.
In the present single-blind randomized clinical trial, mirror therapy will be presented in three phases:
1. one week Recognition of Hand Laterality using pictures of left and right hand;
2. one week of Imagined Hand Movements;
3. four weeks of mirror therapy.
The control group will receive treatment following standard treatment guidelines.
The primary outcome of this study is pain, and secondary outcomes are hand function, ADL, oedema, sensibility, and quality of life.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD28-nov-2005 - 18-jan-2010


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