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The online intervention The Growth Factory: developing a ‘growth mindset’!


- candidate number22935
- NTR NumberNTR5460
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR2-okt-2015
- Secondary IDs2015-CDE-4518 
- Public TitleThe online intervention The Growth Factory: developing a ‘growth mindset’!
- Scientific TitleA randomized control trial of the online intervention The Growth Factory for youth with intellectual and/or physical disability: the impact on mindset, empowerment, self-worth, internalizing and externalizing problems, motivation, therapeutic alliance, willpower and social exclusion.
- ACRONYM
- hypothesisWe expect youth in the intervention group to show greater improvements in mindset, empowerment, self-worth, motivation, therapeutic alliance, willpower and greater reductions in internalizing and externalizing problems and the desire for vengeance after social exclusion in comparison to youth in the control group.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedIntellectual disabillities, Disability, Empowerment
- Inclusion criteria- Participants attend a special school for students with learning disabilities and physical disabilities or stay within a residential care organisation.
- Participants are 12-23 years
- Participants and parental consent are required
- Exclusion criteria- Participant experiences extreme aggressive behavior.
- Participant experiences acute severe psychological problems.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 12-okt-2015
- planned closingdate31-dec-2016
- Target number of participants120
- InterventionsThe online intervention The Growth Factory is based on the scientific research on the incremental theory by Caroll Dweck and David Yeager. Implicit theories about intelligence and personality form the basis for The Growth Factory. On the one hand we have the fixed theory. With a fixed mindset, people consider personality, competence and intelligence to be static. They think that people cannot really change. On the other hand we have the incremental change theory. People who have a growth mindset believe that as a person you can change, grow and develop. With a growth mindset, people consider personality, competence and intelligence to be malleable.

The aim of The Growth Factory is to teach youth an incremental theory in which feelings, behavior and abilities are conceptualized as improvable. For example, youth learn that our brain is always in development and by training new connections are built or existing connections get stronger. Youth learn to face effort, adversity and feedback as an opportunity for development. Youth also learn to use the growth formula: effort + correct strategy + help from others. Furthermore, they learn to change negative thoughts into positive , rational thoughts (i.e. growth thoughts).

Participants in the intervention group participate in six sessions of The Growth Factory. After 3-months youth will receive a booster session repeating the content of the Growth Factory. A session takes 20-30 minutes. The Growth Factory is innovative as it uses an online approach. By using an online intervention we could adapt to the information processing needs of youth with intellectual disabilities, such as visualization, structure and adjust to their experiences.

The structure of each session is:
- an introduction by an individually chosen buddy with a summary of the previous session and an introduction to today’s topic;
- an animation clip explaining the content of the session together with the possibility of repetition of the same animation clip;
- two interactive assignments followed by a summary provided by the buddy and a mentioning of next week’s topic.

Youth will receive two short messages by text- or mail during the week after each session with a reminder or assignment. This will help them to make the transfer from the online session to daily life.

The sessions will take place at school during school time on a laptop or computer. Participants follow each session individually and are assisted by a trainer.

Participants are randomized into the intervention group or control group using stratified randomization based on gender, age and intelligence. Both the intervention and control group have full access to usual mental and/or physical care. The Growth Factory should be seen as an add-on intervention, strengthening usual care, not substituting usual care. If The Growth Factory shows to be effective, in this randomized control trial, all youth in the control group will be provided the opportunity to participate in The Growth Factory after the study is completed.
- Primary outcomeMindset (Mindset Questionnaire (MQ), Verberg et al, in preparation).
- Secondary outcome- Empowerment (Empowerment vragenlijst (EMPO), Damen & Veerman, 2011).
- Self-worth (Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Greenberger et al., 2003).
- Internalizing and externalizing problems (Brief Problem Monitor (BPM-Y), Achenbach et al., 2011).
- Motivation (Motivation for Youth’s Treatment Scale (MYTS), Breda & Riemer, 2012).
- Therapeutic alliance (Therapeutic Alliance Scale Adolescents Revised (TASC-r), Shirk et al., 2008). - Willpower (Unresolvable Maze, Verberg et al., in preparation).
- Social exclusion (Cyberball, Williams & Jarvis, 2006).
- TimepointsT1: Pretest (all questionnaires)
T2: Posttest – after session 6 (all questionnaires)
T3: Three months after session 6 (MQ + BMP-Y)
T4: Six months after session 6 (all questionnaires + experimental tasks)

Wave 1: De Groeifabriek - Oct 2015 - June 2016
Wave 2: De Groeifabriek - Dec 2015 – Sep 2016
Wave 3: De Groeifabriek - April 2016 – Dec 2016
- Trial web sitehttps://degroeifabriek.pluryn.nl
- statusrecruitement status not public
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES F. Verberg
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESDr. P. Helmond
- Sponsor/Initiator Pluryn Research & Development, University of Amsterdam (UvA)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Kinderfonds Adriaanstichting, Johanna Kinderfonds, Dr. Couvée Foundation
- Publications
- Brief summaryThe aim of this study is to test the effectiveness of the online intervention ‘The Growth Factory’ in a target group of youth with intellectual and/or physical disabilities (12-23 years). The Growth Factory teaches youth an incremental theory in which feelings, behavior and abilities are conceptualized as malleable. The Growth Factory is a short online intervention with six sessions and a booster session. Each session takes about 20-30 minutes. Youth are recruited from a residential care institution and a special education school for youth with intellectual and/or physical disabilities in The Netherlands. We expect youth in the intervention group (N=60) to show greater improvements in mindset, empowerment, self-worth, motivation, therapeutic alliance and willpower and greater reductions in internalizing and externalizing problems and the desire for vengeance after social exclusion in comparison to youth in the control group (N=60). Measurements take place at pretest, posttest and follow-up after 3 months and 6 months.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD2-okt-2015 - 6-dec-2015


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