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The effects of chewing and flavour intensity on satiation


- candidate number23329
- NTR NumberNTR5523
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR28-okt-2015
- Secondary IDsNL54634.081.15 
- Public TitleThe effects of chewing and flavour intensity on satiation
- Scientific TitleThe effects of mastication and oro-sensory exposure on satiation’
- ACRONYMGel-licious study
- hypothesisWhen magnitude of the oro-sensory stimulation intensity and mastication are increased this will lead to an equal and additive reduction on food intake.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedOverweight, Obesity, Food intake
- Inclusion criteria-Good general health and appetite
-Between 18-55 years old at the day of inclusion
-Fluent in Dutch and able to read and understand English (because of a questionnaire tool only available in English)
-BMI 18.5-27 kg/m2
-Non-smoking
-Men: no facial hair or willing to shave (due to facial markers video)
-Liking of the model food by scoring at least once (out of the two) a score 4 on a nine point hedonic scale, with not more than a 2 point score difference between the two textures*.
- Exclusion criteria-Dental pathologies such as known caries, full dentures or planning to undergo dental treatment during the study
-Difficulties with swallowing and chewing
-Braces (not including a dental wire) or oral piercing
- Use of medication of which the taker notices (or has noticed in the past) that it influences appetite, taste, mastication and/or salivation or when the description of the medication describes effects on appetite, taste, mastication and or salivation.
-Allergies or intolerance to any ingredient of the model food of standardized pre-meal.
-Not willing to eat the model foods or standardized meal because of eating habits, (religious) believes or vegetarianism.
-Followed an energy restricted diet during the last 2 months
-Gained or lost 5 kg over the last half year
-Woman: not pregnant or planning to get pregnant within period of study or breastfeeding -High restrained eater according to the Dutch Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (men: score>2.9, women: score>3.4)*.
-Dislike for any of the textures according to the texture preference questionnaire (score of 1)*.
- Signed up for or participating in another research study (with the exception of the EetMeetWeet study).
- Employee of Human Nutrition (WUR)
- Thesis student or intern at the chair group of Sensory Science and Eating Behaviour Human Nutrition (WUR).
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingSingle
- controlNot applicable
- groupFactorial
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 9-nov-2015
- planned closingdate1-mrt-2016
- Target number of participants65
- Interventionschewing on either a soft or hard model food that is sweet or non sweet.
- Primary outcomead libitum intake in grams of each of the model foods
- Secondary outcomenumber of chews and perceived sweetness
- Timepointsnot applicable
- Trial web sitehttps://voedingsonderzoek.wur.nl/gel-licious/
- statusplanned
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES Marlou Lasschuijt
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES Marlou Lasschuijt
- Sponsor/Initiator Wageningen University (WUR)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
NWO
- Publications
- Brief summaryMastication and orosensory exposure are closely related. However, the respective roles of both factors in their effect on satiation are unknown.
The main objective of this study is to determine the independent and combined effects of mastication and orosensory stimulation intensity on satiation.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD28-okt-2015 - 15-jan-2016


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