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The effectiveness of Animal Assisted Therapy in adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder


- candidate number24464
- NTR NumberNTR5938
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR9-jun-2016
- Secondary IDs2014-292 CMO regio Arnhem-Nijmegen
- Public TitleThe effectiveness of Animal Assisted Therapy in adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Scientific TitleExplorative study towards the effects of Animal Assisted Therapy in adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A randomized controlled trial
- ACRONYM
- hypothesisExploration of the effects of AAT in adults with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (because this study has an explorative character, there is no hypothesis formulated)
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedAutism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs), Animal Assisted Therapy
- Inclusion criteriaA primary diagnosis within the autism spectrum is required for participation in the study. The participants must be diagnosed through, a semi-structured interview based on the DSM-V criteria and the ADI-R
Age between 18-60.
WAIS-IV score > 80.
Participants suffer from stress (PSS > 20), and overal psychological distress (SCL-90 > 133).
- Exclusion criteriaPsychosis
High Suicide risk
Fear of dogs
Medicin that involves the ingredient cortison
Involving other treatment than AAT during the 20 weeks of research
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlNot applicable
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-jan-2014
- planned closingdate28-feb-2018
- Target number of participants72
- InterventionsThe AAT program exists of ten weekly one-on-one sessions, with a duration of 60 minutes per session. The therapist follows a strict therapy protocol. The therapy dog that is present in the therapy sessions is a trained service dog from the Dutch foundation ‘Hulphond’. The therapy dogs are under supervision of a dog trainer and have regular veterinary check-ups. Participants work together with a therapydog on exercises under supervision of the therapist.
- Primary outcomeStress (self-reported, salivary measurements, heart rate variablity measurements)
Psychological distress (self reported)
Self-confidence (self reported)
Autistic traits (self reported)
- Secondary outcomeVideo analysis
- TimepointsBaseline
Post intervention (10 weeks)
Follow-up (20 weeks)
- Trial web site
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES Carolien Wijker
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES Carolien Wijker
- Sponsor/Initiator GGZ Oost Brabant, Open University the Netherlands, Autismekenniscentrum
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
GGZ Oost Brabant, Stichting Olim
- Publications-
- Brief summaryAdults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often experience high psychological distress. In literature, two treatments are described where research has shown a reduction of comorbid symptoms in adults with ASD sush as anxiety and depression. For this reason, it is of great importance to develop new interventions and to examine the effectiveness of those interventions on reducing comorbid symptoms in adults with ASD.
The present exploratory study is conducted in adults with ASD. The study aims to provide insight into the effects of AAT.
The AAT intervention consists of ten, weekly one-on-one sessions in presence of a dog. The results of the AAT are compared with a randomized waiting list control condition. Participants in this study are randomized after the baseline measurement and equally distributed towards the AAT or waiting list control condition.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD9-jun-2016 - 12-okt-2017


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