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Tailored exercises for elite youth football players


- candidate number25263
- NTR NumberNTR6044
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR7-sep-2016
- Secondary IDsMEC-2016-237 
- Public TitleTailored exercises for elite youth football players
- Scientific TitleTailored preventive exercises for elite youth football (soccer) to reduce musculoskeletal injuries: a controlled clinical trial
- ACRONYMDVJT-study
- hypothesisTailored exercises lower the injury risk significantly compared to regular exercises in elite youth football players with a high injury risk
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedInjuries, Sports
- Inclusion criteria- Age 14-21 years.
- Male gender.
- Play football on an elite level at Excelsior football club or Feyenoord Academy.
- No musculoskeletal injuries at baseline during physical testing.
- Exclusion criteria- Football player is not willing to participate in the study.
- Parents of the football player are not willing to sign informed consent form.
- Football player is not available in the week of the baseline physical testing during the trial period.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-aug-2016
- planned closingdate1-dec-2016
- Target number of participants100
- InterventionsTailored exercises
- Primary outcomeThe Knee Abduction Moment (KAM) score. This is a validated and reliable method to predict the risk of knee injury.
- Secondary outcome- Difference in test characteristics of Weight Bearing Dorsiflexion Lunge Test (WBDLT) (toe-to-wall distance, angle of tibia during), between the training group versus the control group, three months after baseline measurements.
- Difference in test characteristics of Single Leg Balance Test (SLBT) between the training group versus the control group.
- Difference in test characteristics of the adductor strength test between the training and the control group.
- Difference in test characteristics of the hamstring strength test between the training group versus the control group.
- Compliance to the tailored exercise programme.
- Difference in injury rate between the training group and the control group.
- TimepointsBaseline, 12 weeks
- Trial web site-
- statusinclusion stopped: follow-up
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES R.J. Vos, de
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES R.J. Vos, de
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus Medical Center
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
None
- Publications-
- Brief summaryBackground of the study
Lower extremity injuries are a common and serious injury for elite youth football (soccer) players. It may lead to a prolonged absence from sports activities, which may cause a reduced performance and decreased quality of life. Multiple simple physical tests have been shown to be valid and reliable with the ability to estimate the prognosis of lower extremity injuries. Correction of potential deficits, measured with physical tests, can be achieved with specific neuromuscular training. It is known that the broadly implemented FIFA 11+ prevention program results in a decreased rate of lower extremity injuries in football players. However, the problem with this program is the fact that the players do not perform these non-tailored exercises. It is known that a tailored approach results in better implementation of neuromuscular training than a non-tailored approach. This would favour the implementation of a tailored prevention training program. It is currently unknown whether preventive exercises for frequent injuries are effective in improvement of test results and/or reduction of musculoskeletal injuries.

Objective of the study
Five physical tests will be performed: the Drop Vertical Jump Test (DVJT), Single Leg Balance Test (SLBT), Weight Bearing Dorsiflexion Lunge Test (WBDLT), adductor strength test and hamstring strength test using hand-held dynamometry (HHD). Players with an abnormal test outcome will be advised to perform a tailored neuromuscular training program at Excelsior Football club. The players at the Feyenoord Academy will undergo the Drop Vertical Jump Test (DVJT), Dorsiflexion Lunge Test (WBDLT), adductor strength test and hamstring strength test. No intervention will be provided in this group and they will perform regular football training.
The primary aim of this study is to investigate whether the specific test characteristics improve after a tailored neuromuscular training program.

Study design
Prospective controlled clinical trial. All measurements will be performed at baseline and after 12 weeks. Compliance to the exercise program and occurrence of musculoskeletal injuries will be registered during the 12 week period. Primary and secondary outcome measurements will be collected at baseline and 12 weeks.

Study population
100 healthy elite youth football players will be included in this study.

Intervention
Athletes with abnormal test outcome will receive a tailored intervention. The athletes perform tailored exercises (selected to improve their abnormal test outcome). These exercises are mainly based on the FIFA 11+ prevention program and will be executed three times a week during a 12-week period.

Primary study parameters/outcome of the study
- Difference in Drop Vertical Jump Test characteristics (Knee Abduction Moment-value) between the training group and the control group, three months after baseline measurements.

Secondary study parameters/outcome of the study
- Difference in test characteristics of Weight Bearing Dorsiflexion Lunge Test (WBDLT) between the training group versus the control group, three months after baseline measurements.
- Difference in test characteristics of Single Leg Balance Test (SLBT) between the training group versus the control group. - Difference in test characteristics of the adductor strength test between the training and the control group.
- Difference in test characteristics of the hamstring strength test between the training group versus the control group.
- Correlation between difference in landing strategy with the DVJT (quantified as probability of high KAM) and compliance to the neuromuscular training program within the training group.
- Correlation between distance and angle of the Achilles with the WBDLT and compliance to the neuromuscular training program within the training group.
- Compliance to the exercise program
- Number of musculoskeletal injuries and time-off injuries
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD7-sep-2016 - 3-nov-2016


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