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van CCT (UK)

Improving teens’ healthy snacking habits

- candidate number25343
- NTR NumberNTR6118
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR29-sep-2016
- Secondary IDs617253 European Research Council
- Public TitleImproving teens’ healthy snacking habits
- Scientific TitleTesting strategies to improve teens’ healthy snacking habits: a motivation and ability study
- hypothesisWe assume that:
- Compared to teens in the control condition, those who receive the self-persuasion intervention (motivation condition) will develop more intrinsic motivation, which results in more healthy snacking.
- Compared to teens in the control condition, those who received the implementation-intention intervention (ability condition) will develop more ability to snack healthy, which results in more healthy snacking.
- Teens who received both the self-persuasion & implementation intention intervention (the motivation & ability condition) will eat more healthy than teens in the motivation condition, or than teens in the ability condition, or than teens in the control condition.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studied
- Inclusion criteria1. Age between 11 – 15
2. Attending Dutch secondary schools, first or second class
- Exclusion criteriaDoes not meet inclusion criteria.
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- groupFactorial
- Type2 or more arms, non-randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 1-okt-2016
- planned closingdate30-dec-2016
- Target number of participants350
- InterventionsParticipants receive a smartphone for 10 days through which they can only access a research app. The first days are used to gather baseline information through questionnaires, the intervention starts at the middle of the week. Teens in the motivation condition are asked to type in two reasons why it is important to eat healthy (self-persuasion technique). Teens in the ability condition are asked to establish an if-then statement by answering questions on when they snack unhealthy and which healthy snack they prefer (implementation-intention technique). This results in a personalized if-then statement, which they are asked to say aloud three times. Teens in the motivation- and ability condition will receive both tasks, and teens in the control condition will receive a non-related task (homework task). Follow-up will be conducted after a couple of weeks.
- Primary outcome- Snack intake. Through a food-frequency questionnaire, participants are asked to indicate what kind of snacks they ate the day before.
- Snack intention. Participants are asked to indicate whether they plan and intent to eat more healthy snacks.
- Motivation. Participants are asked why they eat healthy snacks.
- Ability. Participants are asked how confident they are in their ability to snack healthy.

All of the above measures are conducted at baseline and after the intervention.
- Secondary outcome-attitudes healthy snacking, snacking habits, availability snacks, norms, self-esteem
- Timepointsbaseline and intervention October 2016, follow-up December 2016
- Trial web site
- statusrecruitement status not public
- Sponsor/Initiator Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, European Research Council (ERC)
- Publications
- Brief summaryThis study aims to increase teens’ healthy snacking (fruits and vegetables) through a 2(motivation/no motivation)x2(ability/no ability) real-life intervention among teens between 12 and 15 years old. The research uses smartphones to set out questionnaires and the intervention itself. Motivation is being established by the use of self-persuasion, where participants have to come up with arguments to eat healthy aiming to increase intrinsic motivation. Ability is being established by the use of implementation intentions. This requires participants to specify plans on where and what they are going to eat. Healthy snack intention, actual snacking behavior, motivation and ability are all measured before and after intervention and with a delay of a couple of weeks to examine long-term effects.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD29-sep-2016 - 11-dec-2016

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