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Association between diet quality and protein-energy malnutrition in community-dwelling older adults


- candidate number27383
- NTR NumberNTR6399
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR13-jun-2017
- Secondary IDsAP16-1303  National Institutes of Health National Institute on Aging / Health ABC
- Public TitleAssociation between diet quality and protein-energy malnutrition in community-dwelling older adults
- Scientific TitleProspective associations of poor diet quality with long-term incidence of protein-energy malnutrition in community-dwelling older adults: the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study
- ACRONYM
- hypothesisProtein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a major problem in older adults worldwide. Whether poor diet quality is an indicator for the long-term development of PEM is currently unknown. The aim of this study is to determine whether poor diet quality is associated with the incidence of PEM in community-dwelling older adults.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedMalnutrition, Malnutrition
- Inclusion criteriaParticipants were included if they were at least 70 years of age and provided written informed consent. Both men and women were included.
- Exclusion criteriaParticipants were excluded if they reported to use special equipment to get around; reported difficulties walking a quarter of a mile, climbing up ten steps without resting, or performing basic activities of daily living; had cancer in the past three years; planned to leave the geographic area in the next three years; were enrolled in lifestyle intervention trials.
- mec approval receivedno
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- group[default]
- Type[default]
- Studytypeobservational
- planned startdate 1-sep-2016
- planned closingdate1-jun-2017
- Target number of participants0
- InterventionsN/A
- Primary outcome4-year incidence of protein-energy malnutrition
- Secondary outcome1-year incidence of protein-energy malnutrition
- TimepointsProtein-energy malnutrition was defined as: a BMI <20 kg/m2 and/or involuntary weight loss 5% in the preceding year. Protein-energy malnutrition was assessed annually, from baseline through the fourth follow-up examination.

Diet quality, energy intake and protein intake were determined at baseline using an interviewer-administered food frequency questionnaire.
- Trial web site
- status[default]
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMSc Linda Hengeveld
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMSc Linda Hengeveld
- Sponsor/Initiator Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculteit der Aard- en Levenswetenschappen Ontwikkelingsgenetica, National Institute on Aging (NIA), Intramural Research Program of the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
European Framework Programme 'Horizon 2020'
- Publications
- Brief summaryProtein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a major problem in older adults worldwide. It is currently unknown whether poor diet quality is a risk factor for the long-term development of PEM. Therefore, this study aims to determine whether poor diet quality is associated with the incidence of PEM in community-dwelling older adults.

Data will be used of U.S. community-dwelling older adults aged 70-79 years of the Health ABC Study, who are free of PEM at baseline. By using Cox regression analyses, the associations of three indicators of diet quality, including the Healthy Eating Index, energy intake and protein intake, with 4-year incidence of PEM will be examined.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD13-jun-2017 - 21-jun-2017


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