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van CCT (UK)

van CCT (UK)

Neuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and the associated cognitive impairment

- candidate number25623
- NTR NumberNTR6648
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR1-dec-2016
- Secondary IDsMETC162054 METC azM/UM
- Public TitleNeuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and the associated cognitive impairment
- Scientific TitleNeuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and the associated cognitive impairment
- hypothesisAim of the study is to determine the neuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and cognitive dysfunction, in PSE and non-PSE stroke patients, and healthy controls.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedStroke, Epilepsy, Cognitive decline
- Inclusion criteriaIn order to be eligible to participate in this study, a subject must meet all of the following criteria:
- patients suffering from post-stroke epilepsy after cortical stroke defined as one or more unprovoked epileptic seizures occurring more than one week after the stroke, according to International League Against Epilepsy criteria(22), with the onset of clinical stroke symptoms less 2 years prior to inclusion.
-Patients suffering from cortical stroke, with the onset of acute stroke symptoms between 4 months and 2 years prior to inclusion.
-Age 40-70 years
- Exclusion criteriaA potential subject (PSE or control) who meets any of the following criteria will be excluded from participation in this study:
-primary intracerebral hemorrhage
-hemorrhagic transformation of stroke of any clinical significance
-previous history of epilepsy
-history of another cerebral disorder (neurodegenerative diseases, tumours)
-inability to provide informed consent
- any contraindication for MRI: metallic foreign body, pacemaker, claustrophobia, pregnancy, tattoos, permanent make-up.
- known contrast allergy to gadolinium, insufficient kidney function (eGFR<=30).
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialno
- randomisedno
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, non-randomized
- Studytypeobservational
- planned startdate 1-okt-2017
- planned closingdate30-sep-2019
- Target number of participants72
- Interventionsnone
- Primary outcome- BBB permeability as determined by DCE-MRI to assess the leakiness of the cerebral vasculature by dynamically measuring the rate of contrast agent transfer from blood into the interstitial space (leakage rate; units: mL / (min 100 g tissue)). We will compare BBB permeability in PSE patients with non-PSE.
- Resting state functional MRI: connectivity measures, locally as well as whole brain network analysis (using graph theoretical measures) as well as DTI connectivity measures, locally (mean diffusivity/fractional anisotropy) and anatomical features (measured by standard T2, SWI and FLAIR sequences: gliosis, iron deposits microbleeds, dilated perivascular spaces, and cortical and subcortical ischemic lesions).
- Secondary outcome- Stroke and post-stroke epilepsy outcome will be assessed using the NIHSS.
-All patients and healthy controls will undergo cognitive testing, focussed on assessing central processing speed using the CVST (Grevers et al., 2016 ). In addition the highest premorbid educational level will be determined . Laesional deficits (such as dysphasia) will be tested at inclusion.
- TimepointsWe aim to include patients in this study in a 2 year period.
- Trial web site
- statusplanned
- Sponsor/Initiator Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC+) - Department of Neurology
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Maastricht University Medical Center, Department of Neurology
- Publications
- Brief summaryRationale and Objective: Up till now, neuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and the comorbid cognitive dysfunction in patients are largely unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study is to unravel imaging biomarkers of post-stroke epilepsy. We will assess blood brain barrier (BBB) properties and brain network formation in patients with and without post-stroke epilepsy (PSE).
Aim of the study is to determine the neuronal correlates of post-stroke epilepsy and cognitive dysfunction, in PSE and non-PSE stroke patients, and healthy controls.
Study design: This is an observational cross-sectional study. We will use high field neuroimaging (7T MRI) to assess BBB properties (using the DCE technique), as well as brain remodeling (using DTI and rs-fMRI techniques).
Study population: We will include 20 adult patients suffering from post-stroke epilepsy from our outpatient departments (MUMC and Kempenhaeghe) and 20 stroke patients without epilepsy from our neurological outpatient department of the Maastricht University Medical Center (MUMC), as well as 20 healthy controls. These three groups will be matched regarding age, sex and stroke subtype (approximate size and location).
Main study parameters/endpoints: Differences in blood-brain barrier permeability, differences in structural and functional connectivity. The results will be correlated with outcomes of stroke and cognition. For stroke the outcomes will be correlated with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ; for cognition scale for speed of central information processing will be used.
Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation, benefit and group relatedness: Patients will undergo cognitive testing and 7T MRI imaging including gadolinium contrast enhancement. 7T imaging is safe, an adverse reaction to the intravenous contrast agent is a rare complication, which is very well treatable.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD1-dec-2016 - 7-okt-2017

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