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The effects of washing-without-water compared to the traditional bed bath with water and soap on emotional and physical comfort of the person being bathed in bed and on physical demands for the person providing the bed bath.


- candidate number28444
- NTR NumberNTR6972
- ISRCTNISRCTN no longer applicable
- Date ISRCTN created
- date ISRCTN requested
- Date Registered NTR17-jan-2018
- Secondary IDs17-N-172 METC-Z (Zuyderland ziekenhuis)
- Public TitleThe effects of washing-without-water compared to the traditional bed bath with water and soap on emotional and physical comfort of the person being bathed in bed and on physical demands for the person providing the bed bath.
- Scientific TitleA randomized cross-over trial to compare the effects of a disposable washing-without-water product versus the traditional bed bath with water and soap on emotional and physical comfort experienced by persons being bathed and on physical demands perceived by persons providing the bed bath.
- ACRONYM
- hypothesiswashing-without-water is 1) equally or more emotionally and physically comfortable for persons being bathed in bed; and 2) equally or less physically demanding for persons providing the bed bath.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedEmotional comfort, Physical comfort, Physical demands for nurses, Bed bath
- Inclusion criteria- Subjects should be at least first year students in nursing
- Subjects must have attended the instruction of both the traditional bed bath and the washing-without-water bed bath
- Subjects should be willing to bathe fellow students
- Subjects should be willing to be bathed in swimming wear.
- Subjects should be willing to be bathed by fellow students.
- Exclusion criteriaN/A
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingNone
- controlActive
- groupCrossover
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 21-mrt-2018
- planned closingdate30-sep-2018
- Target number of participants200
- InterventionsWashing without water product called Swash (fragranced; 8-pack; gloves) which will be used according to the protocol developed for this study. The product can be described as a disposable, prepacked product for the full body wash consisting of a nonwoven carrier (washcloth) and a no-rinse cleansing fluid that allows nursing staff to bathe someone without the use of water.
- Primary outcome- Emotional comfort person being bathed in bed
- Physical comfort person being bathed in bed
- Physical demands person providing the bed bath
- Secondary outcome- Emotional comfort for the person being bathed in bed as perceived by the person providing the bed bath.
- Physical comfort for the person being bathed in bed as perceived by the person providing the bed bath
- Preference for bed bath method person being bathed in bed
- Preference for bed bath method person providing the bed bath
- Perceived importance of the bed bath according to the person being bathed in bed
- Perceived importance of the bed bath according to the person providing the bed bath
- TimepointsOutcomes are measured immediately after each bed bath.
- Trial web site
- statusopen: patient inclusion
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIES Fabian Groven
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIES Fabian Groven
- Sponsor/Initiator Maastricht University
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Arion, Zuyd Hogeschool, Gilde Opleidingen
- Publications
- Brief summaryDue to the ageing population, bathing assistance is a core nursing activity that will remain highly prevalent. Bedridden patients require most assistance in bathing. The limited evidence on bed bathing shows that bedridden patients often perceive the bed bath to have a detrimental effect on their level of physical and emotional comfort. The traditional bed bath with water and soap has been perceived as embarrassing, dependent, uncomfortable and difficult among others. Moreover, the bed bath with water and soap is physically demanding for both patients and nurses. Nevertheless, most bedridden patients are still bathed with water and soap.
The washing-without-water concept is increasingly used in healthcare practice as an alternative for the traditional bed bath with water and soap. Results show washing-without-water is a worthy alternative for the traditional bed bath with water and soap. However, the number of studies on washing-without-water is limited and evidence for patient-related variables, such as physical or emotional comfort, is not reported.
Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess how washing-without-water performs with respect to comfort compared to the traditional bed bath, considering both emotional and physical comfort dimensions using a randomized cross over design.​
- Main changes (audit trail)29-apr-2018:
Multicenter trial: yes

Inclusion criterium:
Subjects should be first year students in nursing
Replaced by
Subjects should be first or second year students in nursing
- RECORD17-jan-2018 - 29-apr-2018


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