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A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of imiquimod 5% in women with Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN) 2 and 3.


- candidate number2244
- NTR NumberNTR733
- ISRCTNISRCTN11290871
- Date ISRCTN created11-okt-2006
- date ISRCTN requested11-okt-2006
- Date Registered NTR17-sep-2006
- Secondary IDsN/A 
- Public TitleA randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of imiquimod 5% in women with Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN) 2 and 3.
- Scientific TitleA randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of imiquimod 5% in women with Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia (VIN) 2 and 3.
- ACRONYMN/A
- hypothesisImiquimod, an immunomodulator, has been shown safe and effective in the treatment of external genital warts caused by low risk human papillomavirus (HPV). Therefore, it is hypothesized that this topical treatment may also be effective against different HPV types, and thus encourage regression of dysplastic vulvar lesions caused by high risk HPV.
- Healt Condition(s) or Problem(s) studiedVulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), Vulvar dysplasia
- Inclusion criteria1. Histologically proven, multifocal VIN 2 or 3 without invasion;
2. age of 18 and older;
3. reliable method of contraception throughout the study.
- Exclusion criteria1. Pregnancy;
2. (micro-)invasive carcinoma;
3. history of vulvar cancer;
4. unifocal lesion;
5. any other treatment for VIN or anogenital warts within one month of start of trial;
6. hypersensitivity to any components of the cream;
7. history of psoriasis or other inflammatory dermatosis of the vulva;
8. immunodeficiency;
9. insufficient command of the Dutch or English language.
- mec approval receivedyes
- multicenter trialyes
- randomisedyes
- masking/blindingDouble
- controlPlacebo
- groupParallel
- Type2 or more arms, randomized
- Studytypeintervention
- planned startdate 26-apr-2001
- planned closingdate28-jul-2005
- Target number of participants52
- InterventionsAfter qualifying for study participation patients are randomly assigned to receive either 250mg of imiquimod 5% cream (Aldara, 3M Pharmaceuticals, St Paul, MN, USA) or 250mg of placebo cream. Dosing will take place twice a week in the evening for a period of 16 weeks.
A clinical assessment will take place every four weeks during treatment, and four weeks after final treatment. To investigate long-term effects and to exclude recurrence of VIN final assessments will take place after 7 and 12 months.
A formalin fixed biopsy is taken for histological verification of VIN 2/3 within three months before the start of the study, together with a second biopsy from the same lesion frozen in liquid nitrogen for HPV DNA testing. At 20 weeks a post-treatment biopsy is taken at exactly the same spot as the first biopsy to evaluate the histological effect, and again a frozen sample is taken for detection of HPV DNA. If a recurrence is suspected at 12 months a biopsy is taken again. In case of persistent or residual lesions after one year, the patient is offered treatment with imiquimod.
- Primary outcomeReduction in lesion size.
- Secondary outcome1. Histological regression;
2. clearance of HPV;
3. relief of clinical symptoms;
4. improvement of quality of life.
- TimepointsN/A
- Trial web siteN/A
- statusstopped: trial finished
- CONTACT FOR PUBLIC QUERIESMD. PhD. M. Beurden, van
- CONTACT for SCIENTIFIC QUERIESMD. M. Seters, van
- Sponsor/Initiator Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academic Medical Center (AMC), Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- Funding
(Source(s) of Monetary or Material Support)
Academic Medical Center (AMC), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 3M Pharmaceuticals, Erasmus Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
- PublicationsN Engl J Med. 2008 Apr 3;358(14):1465-73.
- Brief summaryVIN is a skin disease causing many severe and long-lasting symptoms, such as pruritis, vulvodynia and sexual dysfunction. The incidence has increased in the last decade and patients are affected at a younger age than before. Until now, the choice of therapy for high grade VIN has been dominated by the premalignant nature of the disease. Standard therapy comprises surgical removal of all visible lesions to relieve symptoms and prevent the development of invasive disease. For several reasons treatment results are unsatisfying:
1. surgical intervention is invasive to the patient and may result in mutilation of the vulva;
2. recurrence rates are high;
3. progression to invasive disease is not influenced by radical excision;
4. surgery does not interfere with HPV, the viral cause of VIN.
Since we found promising results on the treatment of VIN with imiquimod in a pilot study, and others described similar positive results in small numbers of patients as well, we wanted to investigate the effectiveness of imiquimod in high grade VIN in a randomised controlled trial.
- Main changes (audit trail)
- RECORD17-sep-2006 - 4-sep-2008


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